Redesigning the Welfare Mix: Social Policy Challenges

Redesigning the Welfare Mix: Social Policy Challenges

Redesigning the Welfare Mix: Social Policy Challenges

Redesigning the Welfare Mix: Social Policy Challengess

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Référence bibliographique [4793]

Jenson, Jane. 2003. Redesigning the Welfare Mix: Social Policy Challenges. Ottawa: Réseaux canadiens de recherche en politiques publiques.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
« Lorsque les gouvernements à tous les niveaux commencent à remanier leurs politiques et leurs mesures d’intervention, il en résulte parfois, et même souvent, une modification de l’agencement des sources de bien-être. Dans ce document, nous examinons ces changements et nous cherchons à en tirer des enseignements qui pourront aider les milieux politiques et surtout les décideurs au Canada. » (résumé, p. 2)

2. Méthode

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé

« A clear overall message emerges from this cross-national analysis of child poverty rates. All of the possible factors examined - lone parenthood, employment and its distribution, wage inequality, and state transfers to the workless and low paid - are important but none is pre-eminent. Children are kept in poverty not by a padlock to which there is a single key but by a combination lock that requires an alignment of factors if it is to be released. UNICEF (2000:16)
This quotation from UNICEF confirms the assumption of this paper as well as earlier work by CPRN. We need to identify an appropriate policy mix. There is no single key to unlock the problem. Finding the ’combination’ is the key challenge policy-makers face right now when they seek to adjust their policies and programs for low-income groups. They need to find the best policy mix.
The starting point of this analysis was the notion that many governments are currently engaged in redesigning the welfare mix. In this paper we have deliberately used the definition of ’welfare’ employed by economists and social policy experts, rather than the more popular use as a synonym for social assistance. This is because welfare (that is well-being) is always generated in a mixture, coming from four sources of welfare: markets, families, governments and communities. All four have to be considered if the right combination, called for by UNICEF, is to be identified. » (conclusion, p. 56)