Vitaro, Frank et Wanner, Brigitte. 2011. «Predicting Early Gambling in Children ». Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 25, no 1, p. 118-126.
Intentions : « In the present study, we investigated whether low inhibition (as reflected by low anxiety) predicts early gambling above and beyond high disinhibition (as reflected by high impulsivity). We explored whether these two personal disposition [sic] operated in an additive or interactive mode in predicting early gambling. Similarly, we investigated the possible additive or interactive interplay between either of the two personal dispositions and parent gambling (participation and/or problems) in predicting early gambling. » (p. 119)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’échantillon comprend 1125 participants de l’Étude longitudinale du développement des enfants du Québec (ÉLDEQ). Les participants de cette étude sont nés au Québec entre octobre 1997 et juillet 1998.
Instruments : Questionnaires
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Present results indicate that impulsivity averaged across ages 6, 7, and 8 predicted early gambling by 10 years of age for both genders. In addition, low anxiety predicted early gambling, above and beyond impulsivity and control variables, but only for boys. Moreover, parent gambling participation additively predicted early gambling for boys and girls. However, impulsivity and anxiety did not interact with each other, nor did they interact with parent gambling in the prediction of early gambling. » (p. 122) Overall, « [...] it appears that (a) high impulsivity and, for boys, low anxiety both independently predict early gambling; and (b) parent gambling operates additively rather than interactively in this context. Prevention programs targeting children’s personal dispositions and/or parent gambling could help uncover the possible causal role played by these early risk factors. » (p. 124-125)