Youth Gambling Problems: The Identification of Risk and Protective Factors

Youth Gambling Problems: The Identification of Risk and Protective Factors

Youth Gambling Problems: The Identification of Risk and Protective Factors

Youth Gambling Problems: The Identification of Risk and Protective Factorss

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Référence bibliographique [4324]

Dickson, Laurie M. 2004. «Youth Gambling Problems: The Identification of Risk and Protective Factors». Thèse de doctorat, Montréal, Université McGill, Département de psychopédagogie et psychologie du counseling.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The present study examined the relationship between several risk and protective variables associated with problem gambling, substance abuse, and other multiple risk-taking activities by adolescents. With the goal of identifying protective factors that prevent youth from escalating from social gambling to serious problem gambling, this research examined the relationship between family cohesion, school connectedness, coping and adaptive behaviours, mentor relationships, achievement motivation, involvement in conventional organizations, and the development of three health-compromising outcomes---youth problem gambling, substance abuse, and involvement in multiple risk-taking behaviours (e.g., smoking, unsafe sexual activity, and reckless driving). » (p. 2)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The sample consisted of 2,179 students, ages 11 to 19, in the Province of Ontario. » (p. 2)

Instruments :
- DSM-IV-MR-J (Fisher, 2000);
- Achievement Motives Scale (AMS; Gjesme & Nygard, 1970);
- Adolescent-School Problems Scale (A-sch; Butcher et al., 1992);
- Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences (ACOPE; Patterson & McCubbin, 1987);
- Questionnaire démographique;
- Gambling Activities Questionnaire (GAQ; Gupta & Derevensky, 1999);
- Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES-II) (Olson, Portner & Bell, 1982);
- Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ-Problem Severity subscale; Winters, 1992);
- Risk Involvement and Perception Scale (modified RIPS) (Shapiro et al., 1998);
- School Connectedness (Resnick et al., 1997);
- State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) – Trait subscale (Spielberger, 1983).

Types de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Family and school connectedness were associated with decreased involvement in excessive gambling, substance use, and multiple risk-taking activities. Furthermore, an examination of the effect of potential protective factors on a set of risk factors predictive of adolescent problem gambling suggested that family cohesion plays a role in the prediction of probable pathological gamblers and those at risk for developing a gambling problem. These findings were interpreted with respect to their implications for the development and implementation of prevention programs. » (p. 2)