Social Networks and Self-Rated Health in Two French-Speaking Canadian Community Dwelling Populations over 65

Social Networks and Self-Rated Health in Two French-Speaking Canadian Community Dwelling Populations over 65

Social Networks and Self-Rated Health in Two French-Speaking Canadian Community Dwelling Populations over 65

Social Networks and Self-Rated Health in Two French-Speaking Canadian Community Dwelling Populations over 65s

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Référence bibliographique [3961]

Zunzunegui, Maria-Victoria, Koné, Ahoua, Johri, Mira, Béland, François, Wolfson, C. et Bergman, Howard. 2004. «Social Networks and Self-Rated Health in Two French-Speaking Canadian Community Dwelling Populations over 65 ». Social Science and Medicine, vol. 58, no 10, p. 2069-2081.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The objective was to evaluate the associations between older persons’ health status and their social integration and social networks (family, children, friends and community), in two French-speaking, Canadian community dwelling populations aged 65 years and over, using the conceptual framework proposed by Berkman and Thomas. » (p. 2069)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Data were taken from two 1995 surveys conducted in the city of Moncton (n = 1518) and the Montreal neighbourhood of Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (n = 1500). » (p. 2069)

Instruments :
- « The health outcome variable was SRH, a valid indicator of health status in North American and other populations (Benyamini & Idler, 1999; Mossey & Shapiro, 1982) » (p. 2071);
- « Social networks were measured in three areas: friends, extended family and children, using the questionnaire proposed by (Seeman & Berkman, 1988) » (p. 2071);
- « Components for each type of network were identified using structural equation modelling and the approach proposed by Glass, Mendes de Leon, Seeman, and Berkman (1997) » (p. 2071);
- « Locus of control was measured using an internal locus of control scale proposed by Pearlin (Pearlin, Mullan, Semple, & Skaff, 1990) » (p. 2071);
- « Depressive symptomatology was assessed using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) » (p. 2072).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


The results of this study have shown that « [s]elf-rated health was better for those with a high level of social integration and a strong network of friends in both locations. In addition, in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve family and children networks were positively associated with good health, though the effect of friend networks was attenuated in the presence of disability, good social support from children was associated with good health. Age, sex and education were included as antecedent variables; smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, locus of control and depressive symptoms were considered intermediary variables between social networks and health. In conclusion, social networks, integration and support demonstrated unique positive associations with health. The nature of these associations may vary between populations and cultures. » (p. 2069)