Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-Being

Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-Being

Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-Being

Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-Beings

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Référence bibliographique [3941]

Baker, Michael, Gruber, Jonathan et Milligan, Kevin. 2005. «Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-Being ». National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Papers, no 11832, p. 1-59.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« We measure the impact of the policy change [Quebec’s 5$ childcare program] on the mother’s labor supply, child care utilization and child and parent outcomes. » (p. 3)
« Do individuals use the same amount of childcare, more child care or shift the site of childcare in response to changes in price? » (p. 5)

2. Méthode


Échantillon :
« Our analysis is based on the ’National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth’ (NLSCY) [...] The focus of the analysis is married women, since middle and higher income families saw the largest changes in child care subsidies under the program, and some concurrent benefit reforms complicate the inference for single mothers. » (p. 3-4)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The growing labor force participation of women with small children in both the U.S. and Canada has led to calls for increased public financing for child care. The optimality of public financing depends on a host of factors, such as the ’crowd-out’ of existing child care arrangements, the impact on female labor supply, and the effects on child well-being. The introduction of universal, highly-subsidized child care in Quebec in the late 1990s provides an opportunity to address these issues. We carefully analyze the impacts of Quebec’s ’$5 per day child care’ program on child care utilization, labor supply, and child (and parent) outcomes. We find strong evidence of a shift into new childcare use, although approximately one third of the newly reported use appears to come from women who previously worked and had informal arrangements. The labor supply impact is highly significant, and our measured elasticity of 0.22 is slightly smaller than previous credible estimates. Finally, we uncover striking evidence that children are worse off in a variety of behavioral and health dimensions. Our analysis also suggests that the new child care program led to more hostile, less consistent parenting, and worse parental health. » (résumé, p. 1)