Leaving Home for College: A Potentially Stressful Event for Adolescents with Preoccupied Attachment Patterns

Leaving Home for College: A Potentially Stressful Event for Adolescents with Preoccupied Attachment Patterns

Leaving Home for College: A Potentially Stressful Event for Adolescents with Preoccupied Attachment Patterns

Leaving Home for College: A Potentially Stressful Event for Adolescents with Preoccupied Attachment Patternss

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Référence bibliographique [3918]

Bernier, Annie, Larose, Simon et Whipple, Natasha. 2005. «Leaving Home for College: A Potentially Stressful Event for Adolescents with Preoccupied Attachment Patterns ». Attachment & Human Development, vol. 7, no 2, p. 171-185.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that attachment state of mind is associated with perceptions of the parent-adolescent relationship among these students who leave home to attend college, but not among those who live at home. » (p. 173)

Hypothèses :
« It is expected that autonomous students who are leaving home to attend college will have more positive memories of their childhood attachment experiences than their insecure (dismissing or preoccupied) peers, and will report better current relationships with their parents, more contacts with them, and less family-related stress. No attachment difference is expected among adolescents living at home. Given that a preoccupied state of mind may be characterized by anger towards one’s parent, while a dismissing state of mind is often accompanied by an idealization of one’s relationship with his or her parents, it is expected that the differences between autonomous adolescents and preoccupied adolescents will be clearer than those between autonomous adolescents and their dismissing peers. » (p. 174)

2. Méthode


Échantillon :
« Sixty-one Caucasian adolescents (30 males and 31 females), aged 16 to 17 years old, were randomly selected from a sample of 298 participants involved in a longitudinal study of ajustment to college (Larose & Boivin, 1998). » (p. 174)

Instruments :
The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; George, Kaplan & Main, 1996)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé


Results show that « [...] compared to their autonomous counterparts, preoccupied students who had left home reported having a more negative relationship with each parent and experiencing more family-related stress. However, they reported having more contact with each parent. In contrast, no attachment differences with regards to perceptions of the parent-adolescent relationship were found among students who lived at home while in college. This suggests that individual differences related to attachment state of mind in adolescence may be magnified by a stressful life experience. » (p. 171)