Parenting, Peer Orientation, Drug Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: A Cross-National Study

Parenting, Peer Orientation, Drug Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: A Cross-National Study

Parenting, Peer Orientation, Drug Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: A Cross-National Study

Parenting, Peer Orientation, Drug Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: A Cross-National Studys

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Référence bibliographique [3857]

Claes, Michel, Lacourse, Éric, Ercolani, Anna-Paula, Pierro, Antonio, Leone, Luigi et Presaghi, Fabio. 2005. «Parenting, Peer Orientation, Drug Use and Antisocial Behavior in Late Adolescence: A Cross-National Study ». Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 34, no 5, p. 401-411.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« This study proposes to examine the links between parental bonding, parental practices, peer orientation, and deviant behavior across 3 countries: Canada (French Canada), France and Italy. » (p. 403)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The sample was composed of 908 adolescents from 3 large cities with more than 2 million inhabitants: 322 were from Montreal, Canada; 277 from Paris, France; and 309 from Rome, Italy. » (p. 403)

Instruments :
- « Parental Bonding: The measure is based on the ’caring’ scale of the ’Parental Bonding Instrument’ developed by Parker et al. (1979). » (p. 404)
- « Parental Conflicts: This measure is based on a list of 9 sources of conflict among parents and adolescents, drawn from the Issue Checklist by Printz et al. (1979). » (p. 405)
- « Supervision: The measure reflects to what extent parents know what is going on in their adolescent’s daily life outside of the home [...]. » (p. 405)
- « Tolerance: This scale has been developed by the authors. » (p. 405)
- « Orientation Toward Peers: 4-item scale developed by Fuligni and Eccles (1993) [...]. » (p. 405)
- « Deviance: A scale developed by Fréchette and Leblanc (1979) was used to assess this construct. » (p. 405)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The objective of this study was to investigate the links between maternal and paternal bonding, parental practices, orientation toward peers, and the prevalence of drug use and antisocial behavior during late adolescence. [...] The questionnaire assessed the following variables: parental bonding, parental supervision, parental tolerance, orientation toward peers, involvement in physically aggressive antisocial behavior, nonphysically aggressive antisocial behavior, and drug use. The model was robust across the 3 countries, thus confirming a path that identified quality of emotional bonds between adolescents and their parents as a distal variable acting upon deviant behaviors through the following mediators: parental supervision, parental tolerance, frequency of conflicts, and orientation toward peers. » (p. 401)