The Role of Depression and Dissociation in the Link between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Parental Practices

The Role of Depression and Dissociation in the Link between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Parental Practices

The Role of Depression and Dissociation in the Link between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Parental Practices

The Role of Depression and Dissociation in the Link between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Parental Practicess

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Référence bibliographique [3849]

Collin-Vezina, Delphine, Cyr, Mireille, Pauzé, Robert et McDuff, Pierre. 2005. «The Role of Depression and Dissociation in the Link between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Parental Practices ». Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, vol. 6, no 1, p. 71-97.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« [T]he purpose of the present study was to assess the unique impact of CSA [childhood sexual abuse], physical abuse, and neglect on parental abilities by taking matters a step further to explore the mediative influence of depressive symptoms reported by mothers. » (tiré de la thèse de doctorat de Delphine Collin-Vézina, « De victimes à mères », Université de Montréal, Département de psychologie, 2003, p. 108)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« We hypothesized that: (a) history of CSA and other childhood maltreatment, as well as mother’s depressive and dissociative symptoms, would be negatively related to parental behaviours and attitudes; (b) mother’s depressive and dissociative symptoms would moderate or mediate the relationship between, on one hand, CSA and other childhood maltreatment and, on the other hand, poor parental behaviours and attitudes. » (tiré de la thèse de doctorat de Delphine Collin-Vézina, ibid., p. 114)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Data were collected through self-report measures completed by 93 French-speaking Canadian mothers of children aged 6 to 11 years referred to Youth Protection Services. » (tiré de la thèse de doctorat de Delphine Collin-Vézina, ibid., p.105)

Instruments :
- The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire;
- The Diagnostic Interview Schedule Simplified;
- The Dissociative Experiences Scale.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Research has yielded contradictory results on the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and later parental functioning. This study was undertaken to specify the link between childhood sexual abuse and maternal parenting, taking into account mother’s chilhood physical and emotional traumas and current depressive and dissociative symptoms. […] Parental behaviours examined included involvement with child, use of positive reinforcement, lack of monitoring and supervision of child, inconsistency in applying discipline, and use of corporal punishment. Mother’s perception of the quality of the relationship with her child was also assessed. History of abuse and neglect, depression and dissociation were […] measured […]. Mother’s current depressive symptoms were found to be a moderator of the link between childhood sexual abuse and use of corporal punishment. Contrary to expectations, depression reduced the impact of CSA on parental use of corporal punishment. Results from multiple hierarchical regressions pointed to dissociative symptoms as the key predictor of parental practices and attitudes. More specifically, they predicted inconsistency in applying discipline and use of corporal punishment and mediated the connection between childhood maltreatment (physical and emotional abuse and neglect) and a more negative perception of the parent-child relationship. Implications for research and practice are discussed. » (tiré de la thèse de doctorat de Delphine Collin-Vézina, ibid., p.105)