The Transition from Elementary to High School: The Pivotal Role of Mother and Child Characteristics in Explaining Trajectories of Academic Functioning

The Transition from Elementary to High School: The Pivotal Role of Mother and Child Characteristics in Explaining Trajectories of Academic Functioning

The Transition from Elementary to High School: The Pivotal Role of Mother and Child Characteristics in Explaining Trajectories of Academic Functioning

The Transition from Elementary to High School: The Pivotal Role of Mother and Child Characteristics in Explaining Trajectories of Academic Functionings

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Référence bibliographique [3784]

Duchesne, Stéphane, Larose, Simon, Guay, Frédéric, Vitaro, Frank et Tremblay, Richard E. 2005. «The Transition from Elementary to High School: The Pivotal Role of Mother and Child Characteristics in Explaining Trajectories of Academic Functioning ». International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 29, no 5, p. 409-417.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The present 8-year longitudinal study had two goals. The first goal was to describe different trajectories of academic functioning during the transition to high school using a group-based trajectory method. The second goal was to determine if previous family and child characteristics (notably behavioural problems and prosociality) predict these trajectories. » (p. 409)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« [D]istinct patterns of academic functioning exist among adolescents during the high school transition. » (p. 413)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« A total of 1003 French-Canadian mothers (457 mothers of boys and 546 mothers of girls) were involved in this study. Since 1986, these mothers have been participating in a longitudinal study conducted across the province of Quebec, including the urban areas of Montreal and Quebec City. » (p. 411)

Instruments :
- « The Pleasure-Displeasure (PD) and Dominance-Submissiveness (DS) subscales of the Emotional Climate for Children scale (ECC; Falender & Mehrabian, 1980) [...];
- The Prosocial Scale for the Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire (PSPBQ; Tremblay, Vitaro, Gagnon, Royer, & Piche, 1992). » (p. 411)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« In the present study, we explore the presence of different trajectories of academic functioning during the transition to high school in order to determine whether these trajectories can be predicted by earlier individual and family characteristics. [...] Results of the trajectory analysis revealed the presence of three groups. A first group experienced stable and high levels of academic functioning (63%), a second group experienced a significant drop in academic functioning (14%), and a third group experienced stable and low levels of academic functioning (23%). Logistic regression analyses showed that these groups differed in terms of early parental characteristics, child behavioural problems, and prosociality. These results are discussed in light of empirical findings on the transition to high school. » (p. 409)