Parental Death and Children’s Schooling in Burkina Faso

Parental Death and Children’s Schooling in Burkina Faso

Parental Death and Children’s Schooling in Burkina Faso

Parental Death and Children’s Schooling in Burkina Fasos

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Référence bibliographique [3674]

Kobiané, Jean-François, Calvès, Anne-Emmanuèle et Marcoux, Richard. 2005. «Parental Death and Children’s Schooling in Burkina Faso ». Comparative Education Review, vol. 49, no 4, p. 468-488.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
« The objective of this article is to assess the effect of orphanhood on children’s access to school and to explore the roles of poverty and the extended family support network in helping children to attend school following the death of a parent. How has each effect changed over time? Do they vary according to gender and urban-rural residence? » (p. 488)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
« Our data for this study come from a national retrospective survey, the ’Enquête Migration et Insertion Urbaine au Burkina’ (EMIUB), or ’Migration and Urban Integration Survey in Burkina’. The survey was conducted in 2000 by the Demography Department of Université de Montréal in collaboration with CERPOD [Centre d’Études et de Recherche sur la Population et le Développement] in Bamako and UERD [Unité d’Enseignement et de Recherche en Démographie] in Ouagadougou. » (p. 476)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé

« In this article, we first review the literature on orphanhood, schooling, and the role of the extended family system in supporting the education of orphans [in Burkina Faso]. Next we summarize the historical, social, and economic context of this study. We describe our research methods in the third section and provide information about our data. The fourth and last section presents the main findings of the study, with our descriptive as well as multivariate analysis results. » (p. 469)
« Using event history data collected in 2000, we found that parental death is detrimental for children’s chances of entering school when they lose both parents, expecially in rural areas. For children who had the opportunity to receive support from an extended family, this negative effect is reduced. Our estimates of interaction effects are revealing. The consequences of orphanhood have changed over time, probably because of decreasing adult mortality and increased schooling. […] Our results also reveal that parental death is detrimental for girls. […] Our findings for the interaction of orphan status and kinship show a difference in kin support depending on whether there has been a paternal of maternal death. […]
Although the negative effect of orphanhood has decreased over time, the policy implications of this research point to a greater need to focus on gender when supporting orphans, especially among double orphans, who constitute the most disadvantaged group. Success in entering school is an important prerequisite to future opportunities, but how long children remain in school is equally important. » (pp. 488-489)