The Impact of the Legal System on Parental Alienation Syndrome

The Impact of the Legal System on Parental Alienation Syndrome

The Impact of the Legal System on Parental Alienation Syndrome

The Impact of the Legal System on Parental Alienation Syndromes

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Référence bibliographique [3368]

Vassiliou, Despina. 2005. «The Impact of the Legal System on Parental Alienation Syndrome». Thèse de doctorat, Montréal, Université McGill, Département de psychopédagogie et psychologie du counseling.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
« The purpose of the present study was to examine Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) and to expand the research based knowledge in the area. » (p. ii)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
« All of the participants included in the study met the following criteria : (a) they were formerly part of a family unit which included at least one child, (b) had divorced or were in the process of divorce and/or custody litigation, and (c) met [the] criteria for PAS. [...] Nine participants, 1 female and 8 males, from Canada or the United States participated in this study. Participants’ ages ranged from 36 to 54 years. » (p. 58)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

« PAS entails both psychological processes and legal dimensions as it occurs primarily within the context of custody litigation. False allegations of abuse (FA) are commonly associated with PAS and similarly entail both psychological and legal issues. The research comprised two separate studies. First, interviews with target parents were conducted to attain their unique perceptions and experiences of PAS and on the way their cases were handled within the legal system. Second, a quantitative comparison between PAS and FA was performed to identify any similarities and differences and examine a possible relationship between the two. Results highlighted inherent difficulties for successful joint custody arrangements for PAS families as communication was difficult and litigation was prominent. In spite of well-established parent-child relationships before the divorce, these were negatively impacted from the PAS, including reported mental illness for both. In FA cases the children were found to be significantly younger and from one-child families compared with PAS families. Women were found more likely to be the alienators of accusers of FA. In spite of having the legal authority to deal with the PAS, judges reportedly rarely utilized this power. The limitations of the research are discussed and direction for future study given. » (p. ii)