Factors Linked to Outcomes in Sexually Abused Girls: A Regression Tree Analysis

Factors Linked to Outcomes in Sexually Abused Girls: A Regression Tree Analysis

Factors Linked to Outcomes in Sexually Abused Girls: A Regression Tree Analysis

Factors Linked to Outcomes in Sexually Abused Girls: A Regression Tree Analysiss

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Référence bibliographique [3095]

Hébert, Martine, Collin-Vézina, Delphine, Daigneault, Isabelle, Parent, Nathalie et Tremblay, Caroline. 2006. «Factors Linked to Outcomes in Sexually Abused Girls: A Regression Tree Analysis ». Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 47, no 6, p. 443-455.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The aim of the present study was to derive models to predict internalizing and externalizing behavior problems and dissociation symptoms in girls who disclose SA [sexual abuse]. » (p. 445)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The sample consisted of 150 girls aged 4 to 12 years (mean, 7.43 years; SD, 2.28), who were referred to the Socio-Legal Pediatric Clinic of Ste-Justine Hospital, a tertiary-care pediatric hospital located in Montreal, for evaluation after alleged SA. » (p. 445)

Instruments :
- Le « Child Behavior Checklist » (Achenbach, 1991);
- Le « Children Dissociative Checklist » (Putnam, Helmers et Trickett, 1993);
- Un questionnaire de données sociodémographiques;
- Le « Sexual Victimization Questionnaire (N. Parent and M. Hébert, unpublished data, 1995) [...] adapted from the History of Victimization Questionnaire (V.V. Wolfe et al., unpublished data, 1987) » (p. 446);
- Une version courte du « Source of Stress Inventory » (Chandler, 1981);
- Le « Family Relationship Index » incluant 27 items du « Family Environment Scale » (Moos, 1986);
- La version française (Préville, Boyer, Potvin, Perreault et Légaré, 1992) du « Psychiatric Symptoms Index » (Ilfeld, 1976);
- Une version courte de la version française (Bouchard, Sabourin, Lussier, Wright et Richer, 1995) du « Ways of Coping Questionnaire » (Folkman et Lazarus, 1988).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« We used regression trees in this study to predict 3 outcomes in SA children: internalizing behavior problems, externalizing behavior problems, and dissociation symptoms. In all 3 models derived, the first split occurred as a function of prior abuse, which suggests that this is a salient variable in explaining the heterogeneity of outcomes in children who disclose SA. Children who obtained the highest externalizing behavior problem scores were those who reported 2 or more prior abuse experiences. The children with the highest internalizing problem scores were those who reported 2 or more prior abuse experiences and whose mothers reported high distress. Finally, children who most presented dissociation symptoms were those who reported 2 or more prior abuse experiences and whose mothers frequently resorted to avoidance coping. » (p. 450)