Insecure Attachment to Parents and Depressive Symptoms in Early Adolescence: Mediating Roles of Attributions and Self-Esteem

Insecure Attachment to Parents and Depressive Symptoms in Early Adolescence: Mediating Roles of Attributions and Self-Esteem

Insecure Attachment to Parents and Depressive Symptoms in Early Adolescence: Mediating Roles of Attributions and Self-Esteem

Insecure Attachment to Parents and Depressive Symptoms in Early Adolescence: Mediating Roles of Attributions and Self-Esteems

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Référence bibliographique [3060]

Kamkar, Katayoun. 2006. «Insecure Attachment to Parents and Depressive Symptoms in Early Adolescence: Mediating Roles of Attributions and Self-Esteem». Chapitre de thèse de doctorat, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de psychologie.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The present study assessed whether the association of anxious and avoidant attachment to mother and father with psychological distress among early adolescents was mediated by attributional styles and/or self-esteem. » (p. 30)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Participants included 140 seventh-grade and eighth-grade students (87 girls) ages 12-15 years (M= 12.65; SD=.70), attending English language high school in Montreal, Quebec. » (p. 31)

Instruments :
- The « Adolescent Relationship Scale Questionnaire (ARSQ; Scharfe, 1997) »;
- the « Relationship Scale Questionnaire (RSQ;Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994) »;
- the « WHOTO Questionnaire (Hazan, Hutt, Sturgeon, & Bricker, 1991) »;
- the « Children’s Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ-R; Kaslow & Nolen-Howksema, 1991) »;
- the « Self-Description Questionnaire, General Self-Esteem (GSE) Scale (SDQ-II; Marsh, 1990)»;
- the « Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs, 1985) »;
- the « Social Desirability Scale (SDS; Strahan & Gerbasi, 1972) ». (pp. 32-36)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« This study examined the associations of anxious and avoidant attachment to mother and father (assessed dimensionaly) with depressive symptoms among early adolescents (N= 140), and the mediating roles of attributional styles and/or self-esteem. As expected, adolescents more anxiously attached to both mother and father reported most depressive symptoms. Anxious attachment to mother was associated with depression for girls only and maladaptive attributions to negative events partially mediated this association. Self-esteem fully mediated the association between anxious attachment to mother and depression for adolescent girls but not for boys. This study indicates the importance of considering attributions and self-esteem as pathways through which anxious attachment to mother might lead to depressive symptoms for girls. » (p. 19)

Ce chapitre fait partie de la thèse « Anxious and avoidant attachment to parents and psychological distress in early adolescence and young adulthood», de Katayoun Kamkar (voir la fiche complète).