Attachment and Behavior Problems in Middle Childhood as Reported by Adult and Child Informants

Attachment and Behavior Problems in Middle Childhood as Reported by Adult and Child Informants

Attachment and Behavior Problems in Middle Childhood as Reported by Adult and Child Informants

Attachment and Behavior Problems in Middle Childhood as Reported by Adult and Child Informantss

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Référence bibliographique [2968]

Moss, Ellen, Smolla, Nicole, Cyr, Chantal, Dubois-Comtois, Karine, Mazzarello, Tania et Berthiaume, Claude. 2006. «Attachment and Behavior Problems in Middle Childhood as Reported by Adult and Child Informants ». Development and Psychopathology, vol. 18, no 2, p. 425-444.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The predictive relation between attachment and mother, teacher, and self-reported psychopathology was examined for a diverse socioeconomic status French Canadian sample of […] children. » (p. 425)

Question/Hypothèses :
« We expected greater consistency between reporters for externalizing behaviors, but lower consistency between child and adult reports of internalizing behavior. We predicted that children with insecure attachment strategies would show higher rates of behavior problems than would secure children on both internalizing and externalizing dimensions, as well as on subscale scores associated with demonstrated attachment–risk associations. Because the avoidant, ambivalent, and disorganized/controlling classifications have all been linked in previous studies to behaviour problems, we expected each group to potentially show higher rates of behavior problems than secure children. In addition, we expected insecure children to be at greater risk for psychopathology, with respect to clinical cutoff levels of behavior problem symptoms, as reported by mother, child, or teacher. » (pp. 428-429)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
96 enfants

Instruments :
- Attachment protocol and classification (age 6) (Main & Cassidy, 1988)
- Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach & Edelbrock, 1983)
- Social Behavior Questionaire (SBQ; Tremblay, Vitaro, Gagnon, Piché, & Royer, 1992)
- Dominic Questionnaire - Version 5 (Valla et al., 1994)
- Preschool Socioaffective Profile (PSP; LaFreniere, Dumas, Capuano, & Dubeau, 1992)

Types de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Attachment classifications were assigned on the basis of reunion behavior with mother when the children were approximately 6 years old, and child problem behavior was assessed 2 years later […]. Results indicated that both insecure/ambivalent and insecure/controlling children children [sic] were rated higher than secure children on a composite measure of externalizing problems. Concerning internalizing problems, only the controlling group was significantly higher on both a composite adult (teacher and mother) and self-report measure of internalizing problems. Analyses of clinical cutoff scores showed that only the controlling group had a significantly greater likelihood of overall problem behavior than other children. » (p. 425)