Stress Appraisal and Coping in Siblings of Children with Special Needs

Stress Appraisal and Coping in Siblings of Children with Special Needs

Stress Appraisal and Coping in Siblings of Children with Special Needs

Stress Appraisal and Coping in Siblings of Children with Special Needss

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Référence bibliographique [2953]

Orfus, Melanie. 2006. «Stress Appraisal and Coping in Siblings of Children with Special Needs». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département des sciences de l’éducation.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The purpose of this study was to reveal the appraisal of stress of school-age siblings of children with special needs. It was anticipated that an assessment of the child’s daily hassles and how they cope with them will complement existing literature by including siblings themselves in the dialogue. » (p. 4)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« What daily hassles do siblings of children with special needs experience most often and find most stressful? » (p. 26);
« How do siblings of children with special needs cope with their daily upsets? » (p. 26);
« Are there developmental differences in sibling stress appraisal? » (p. 26);
« Are there gender differences in sibling stress appraisal? » (p. 26);
« How does the family cope with their difficulties? » (p. 27);
« How do parents perceive their children’s relationship? » (p. 27).

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Twelve sibling dyads from the greater Montreal area were interviewed. Participating siblings of children with special needs were between the ages of 8 and 12, with a mean age of 9.5 years. Siblings with special needs were a mean age of 10.08 years. » (p. iii)

Instruments :
« - The Daily Events Scale for Siblings of Children with a Disability of Illness;
- KIDCOPE;
- F-COPES;
- Disability Index;
- Demographic Questionnaire for Parents;
- Parental Expectations and Perceptions of Children’s Sibling;
- Relationship Questionnaire;
- Follow-up Survey. » (p. v)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Self-reports from siblings of children with special needs are considered important additions to the disability literature. [...] Sibling daily hassles, uplifts, and coping strategies were examined and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Family coping strategies and parental assessments of sibling relationship quality was also assessed. Children reported that most frequent daily events were when their siblings with special needs cry, scream or yell when they do not want to do something, and when they give hugs or kisses. Siblings reported being most stressed when embarrassed by their siblings with special needs in front of friends, and happiest when playing together with their sibling with special needs. Wishful thinking was reportedly commonly used by all children as a coping strategy during stressful times. Sibling results were also assessed by age and gender. In addition, families reported using acceptance of stressful events to cope, whereas family support was minimally used. Parent perceptions of their children’s sibling relationship were generally positive, with loyalty, sharing, and controlling behaviour reported occurring most commonly. » (p. iii)