Establishing a Relationship Between Behavior and Cognition: Violence Against Women and Children Within the Family

Establishing a Relationship Between Behavior and Cognition: Violence Against Women and Children Within the Family

Establishing a Relationship Between Behavior and Cognition: Violence Against Women and Children Within the Family

Establishing a Relationship Between Behavior and Cognition: Violence Against Women and Children Within the Familys

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Référence bibliographique [2705]

Chamberland, Claire, Fortin, Andrée et Laporte, Lise. 2007. «Establishing a Relationship Between Behavior and Cognition: Violence Against Women and Children Within the Family ». Journal of Family Violence, vol. 22, no 6, p. 383-395.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The goal of our study is to determine whether certain cognitions (beliefs, tolerance, and attributions) of violence against women and children are related to each other and associated with actual violence against members of the family. » (p. 385)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« (1) To what extent are a person’s cognitions regarding violence against women and children within the family associated with actually committing violence against them?
(2) To what extent does an adult who has a narrow conception of violence against women also has a narrow conception, tolerant attitudes, and biased attributions with regard to violence toward children? » (p. 385)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« A total of 62 adults—32 women and 30 men—all born in Quebec and speaking French, took part in the study. » (p. 385)

Instruments :
- The « Assessment of Justification of Violence Toward Children (Fortin 1994) »;
- the « Conflict Tactics Scales (Straus, 1979) »;
- the « The Conflict Tactics Scales for parent-to-child violence (CTSPC; Straus et al. 1998) »;
- the « Évaluation de la violence par modalité audiovisuelle (EVA; Audiovisual Assessment of Violence; Turgeon and Chamberland 1994) ». (p. 385)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« This paper discusses two types of victimization within the family: violence directed at women and parental violence against children. The victimization of women and children is a serious threat to their well-being, dignity, integrity, and development (Crittenden 1998; Edleson 1999). The occurrence of both situations within the same family indicates more serious and complex problems (Chamberland et al. 2003b). We hope to make a connection between the two domains of violence by suggesting that certain cognitive processes of spouses and parents may determine whether they are at risk of resorting to violence against various members of their families. [...] Generally speaking, respondents more easily recognized physical aggression than psychological aggression, rated it more severely, and used it more often against their children than their spouses. Further, cognitions regarding violence against women and of parental violence against children appear to be strongly associated. Our results also suggest that the conception of violence toward women is associated with violence toward children. » (p. 383)