Household Food Insecurity and Childhood Overweight in Jamaica and Quebec: a Gender-Based Analysis

Household Food Insecurity and Childhood Overweight in Jamaica and Quebec: a Gender-Based Analysis

Household Food Insecurity and Childhood Overweight in Jamaica and Quebec: a Gender-Based Analysis

Household Food Insecurity and Childhood Overweight in Jamaica and Quebec: a Gender-Based Analysiss

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Référence bibliographique [263]

Dubois, Lise, Francis, Damion, Burnier, Daniel, Tatone-Tokuda, Fabiola, Girard, Manon, Gordon-Strachan, Georgiana, Fox, Kristin et Wilks, Rainford. 2011. «Household Food Insecurity and Childhood Overweight in Jamaica and Quebec: a Gender-Based Analysis ». BMC Public Health, vol. 11.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« This study presents a comparative gender-based analysis of the association between household food insecurity and overweight among 10-to-11-year-old children living in the Canadian province of Québec and in the country of Jamaica. » (PDF en ligne p. 1)

Questions/Hypothèses:
« For the present study, it was hypothesized that a positive association would be observed between household food insecurity and childhood overweight / obesity in Québec, while a negative association would be observed in Jamaica, independent from other factors potentially associated with child overweight / obesity. » (PDF en ligne p. 2)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
- Données de 2008 de l’Étude longitudinale du développement des enfants du Québec (ÉLDEQ)
- Données de 2007 du Jamaica Youth Risk and Resiliency Behaviour Survey

Instruments:
- Protocole standardisé permettant de mesurer et de peser l’enfant
- Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


Results show that « [t]he prevalence of overweight was 26% and 11% (p < 0.001) in the Québec and Jamaican samples, respectively. In Québec, the adjusted odds ratio for being overweight was 3.03 (95% CI: 1.8-5.0) among children living in food-insecure households, in comparison to children living in food-secure households. Furthermore, girls who lived in food-insecure households had odds of 4.99 (95% CI: 2.4-10.5) for being overweight in comparison to girls who lived in food-secure households; no such differences were observed among boys. In Jamaica, children who lived in food-insecure households had significantly lower odds (OR 0.65, 95% CI: 0.4-0.9) for being overweight in comparison to children living in food-secure households. No gender differences were observed in the relationship between food-insecurity and overweight / obesity among Jamaican children. [The authors conclude that] [p]ublic health interventions which aim to stem the epidemic of overweight / obesity should consider gender differences and other family factors associated with overweight / obesity in both developed and developing countries. » (PDF en ligne p. 1)