Problem Eating Behaviors Related to Social Factors and Body Weight in Preschool Children: A Longitudinal Study

Problem Eating Behaviors Related to Social Factors and Body Weight in Preschool Children: A Longitudinal Study

Problem Eating Behaviors Related to Social Factors and Body Weight in Preschool Children: A Longitudinal Study

Problem Eating Behaviors Related to Social Factors and Body Weight in Preschool Children: A Longitudinal Studys

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Référence bibliographique [2624]

Dubois, Lise, Farmer, Anna, Girard, Manon, Peterson, Kelly et Tatone-Tokuda, Fabiola. 2007. «Problem Eating Behaviors Related to Social Factors and Body Weight in Preschool Children: A Longitudinal Study ». International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 4, no 9, p. 1-10.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« This research aims to analyze the relationship between social factors, mothers’ perceptions of their child’s eating behaviour (picky eating and overeating), and body weight in preschool years, in a population-based cohort of preschoolers from Québec (Canada). » (p. 1)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« It was hypothesised that a greater proportion of children who are picky eaters have a BMI below normal (< 10th percentile), while a greater proportion of children who are overeaters have BMI above normal (=95th percentile). It was also proposed that varying social contexts is related to a child’s eating behaviour. » (p.2)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Analyses were performed on 1498 children from the Longitudinal Study of Child Development in Québec, a representative sample of children born in 1998 in the Canadian province of Québec. » (p. 1)

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The proportion of children reported for each eating behaviour category remained quite stable across the years studied. Picky eating and overeating related to body weight among 4.5-year-old children, even when social and parental factors were accounted for in multivariate analysis. Picky eaters were twice as likely to be underweight at 4.5 years as children who were never picky eaters. Adjusted odds ratios revealed overeaters were 6 times more likely to be overweight at 4.5 years than were children who were never overeaters. Given the association between eating behaviours and bodyweight among 4.5-year-old children, particularly among those from less educated, lower income families and younger mothers, health professionals should target parents of children at risk of overweight/obesity and underweight with focussed messages and strategies for the management of emerging problematic eating behaviours. » (p. 1)