Association between Nonmaternal Care in the First Year of Life and Children’s Receptive Language Skills prior to School Entry: the Moderating Role of Socioeconomic Status

Association between Nonmaternal Care in the First Year of Life and Children’s Receptive Language Skills prior to School Entry: the Moderating Role of Socioeconomic Status

Association between Nonmaternal Care in the First Year of Life and Children’s Receptive Language Skills prior to School Entry: the Moderating Role of Socioeconomic Status

Association between Nonmaternal Care in the First Year of Life and Children’s Receptive Language Skills prior to School Entry: the Moderating Role of Socioeconomic Statuss

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Référence bibliographique [2558]

Geoffroy, Marie-Claude, Cote, Sylvana, Borge, Anne I. H., Larouche, Frank, Seguin, Jean R. et Rutter, Michael. 2007. «Association between Nonmaternal Care in the First Year of Life and Children’s Receptive Language Skills prior to School Entry: the Moderating Role of Socioeconomic Status ». Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 48, no 5, p. 490-497.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The general purpose of the present study was to examine the moderating role of socioeconomic status (SES) in the association between [nonmaternal care] NMC in the first year of life and children’s receptive language skills prior to school entry.» (p. 491)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« [I]s [nonmaternal care] NMC in the first year of life differentially associated with language skills in children from low [socioeconomic status] SES families as compared to children from adequate SES families?» (p. 491)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«[...] 2,297 Canadian children aged between 0 and 11months at their first assessment was followed over 4 years.» (p. 490)

Instruments :
«Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test Revised (PPVT-R)» (p. 490)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«Studies have suggested that nonmaternal care (NMC) may either carry risks or be beneficial for children’s language development. However, few tested the possibility that NMC may be more or less protective for children with different family backgrounds. This study investigates the role of the family environment, as reflected in the socioeconomic status (SES), in the association between NMC in the first year of life and children’s receptive language skills prior to school entry. After controlling for selection factors, SES was found to moderate the association between NMC and receptive language skills. Full-time NMC in the first year of life was associated with higher PPVT-R scores among children from low SES families (d = .58), but not among children from adequate SES families. Full-time NMC in infancy may contribute to reducing the cognitive inequalities between children of low and adequate SES.» (p. 490)