Factors Linked to Distress in Mothers of Children Disclosing Sexual Abuse

Factors Linked to Distress in Mothers of Children Disclosing Sexual Abuse

Factors Linked to Distress in Mothers of Children Disclosing Sexual Abuse

Factors Linked to Distress in Mothers of Children Disclosing Sexual Abuses

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Référence bibliographique [2525]

Hébert, Martine, Daigneault, Isabelle, Collin-Vézina, Delphine et Cyr, Mireille. 2007. «Factors Linked to Distress in Mothers of Children Disclosing Sexual Abuse ». Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 195, no 10, p. 805-811.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The aim of the present study is to investigate the variability in clinical level of psychological distress experienced by mothers of sexually abused children by exploring the role of (a) abuse-related variables (length, severity, and identity of perpetrator), (b) a history of childhood sexual abuse and partner violence experienced in the past year, and (c) mothers’ coping and feelings of empowerment. » (site web)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The sample consisted of 149 Canadian French-speaking mothers of girls aged 4 to 12 years who were referred for evaluation at the Child Protection Clinic of the Mère-Enfant Ste-Justine Hospital, a teaching tertiary care hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada [...] » (site web)

Instruments :
- The « brief French version of the Psychological Distress Scale of the Quebec Health Survey (Préville et al., 1992) »;
- the « Psychiatric Symptom Index (Ilfeld, 1976, 1978) »;
- the « Ways of Coping Questionnaire (Folkman and Lazarus, 1998; French adaptation: Bouchard et al., 1995) »;
- the « Conflict Tactics Scale (Straus et al., 1996) ». (site web)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The aim of this study was to assess the needs of mothers of SA [sexual abused] children and explore potential factors associated with clinical level of psychological distress. [...] Data were collected through self-report measures completed by 149 French-speaking mothers of girls aged 4 to 12 years disclosing sexual abuse. Results revealed that more than half of the mothers reported clinical levels of psychological distress and experienced child sexual abuse, and 1 of 4 mothers experienced physical partner violence. Logistic regression analysis revealed that mother’s sexual abuse and partner violence as well as avoidance coping and empowerment contributed to scores reaching clinical levels of psychological distress. In addition, mothers of child victims of intrafamilial sexual abuse are more likely to report clinical levels of distress. Results underscore the importance of evaluating for trauma history and taking coping strategies and empowerment into account in treatment interventions. » (site web)