Child Physical Abuse with and without Other Forms of Maltreatment: Dysfunctionality versus Dysnormality

Child Physical Abuse with and without Other Forms of Maltreatment: Dysfunctionality versus Dysnormality

Child Physical Abuse with and without Other Forms of Maltreatment: Dysfunctionality versus Dysnormality

Child Physical Abuse with and without Other Forms of Maltreatment: Dysfunctionality versus Dysnormalitys

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Référence bibliographique [2470]

Larrivée, Marie-Claude, Tourigny, Marc et Bouchard, Camil. 2007. «Child Physical Abuse with and without Other Forms of Maltreatment: Dysfunctionality versus Dysnormality ». Child Maltreatment, vol. 12, no 4, p. 303-313.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The main objective of this study is to contribute to more specific knowledge about cases of physical abuse reported to CPS by taking into account cooccurrence. We aim to identify the characteristics that distinguish the cases of children who are solely physically abused (PA) from those of physically abused children who are also the victims of other forms of maltreatment (PA+) (neglect, sexual abuse, abandonment, psychological abuse, or other). » (p. 305)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The data are taken from the Quebec Incidence Study (QIS), which examined 4,929 reports investigated by Quebec CPS in the fall of 1998. The cases included 514 children who were physically abused: 269 of them were not subjected to any other type of maltreatment and 245 were also victims of one or two other forms of maltreatment. » (p. 303)

Instruments :
« The [survey] form consisted of 52 questions about the report, the child, his or her living environment, parental figures, abuse, and decisions made after investigation. » (p. 305)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The fact that most etiological studies of physical abuse have not taken into account co-occurrence of different forms of maltreatment calls into question the validity of our knowledge on the subject. The aim of this study, therefore, is to compare the etiological patterns of cases of physical abuse reported to Quebec child protective services (CPS) according to whether the abuse occurs alone or co-occurs with other forms of maltreatment. [...]The survey form provided information on more than 30 characteristics of the children reported, their families, and their parental figures. Bivariate and direct logistic regression analyses revealed that the profile of physical abuse cases varies depending on whether the physical abuse occurs alone (what we are calling dysnormality) or in combination with one or two other forms of maltreatment (dysfunctionality). Those results will help deepen our etiological knowledge of physical abuse and may serve to inspire different types of intervention for the two groups of children. » (p. 303)