Gender Differences and Similarities in the Experience of Parenting a Child with a Health Problem: Current State of Knowledge

Gender Differences and Similarities in the Experience of Parenting a Child with a Health Problem: Current State of Knowledge

Gender Differences and Similarities in the Experience of Parenting a Child with a Health Problem: Current State of Knowledge

Gender Differences and Similarities in the Experience of Parenting a Child with a Health Problem: Current State of Knowledges

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Référence bibliographique [2354]

Pelchat, Diane, Lefebvre, Hélène et Levert, Marie-Josée. 2007. «Gender Differences and Similarities in the Experience of Parenting a Child with a Health Problem: Current State of Knowledge ». Journal of Child Health Care, vol. 11, no 2, p. 112-131.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«This article reports on the current state of knowledge about the differences and similarities between the experiences of fathers and mothers of a child with a health problem, and suggests new directions for research in order to provide a fuller understanding of their experience. In this article, the term ‘health problem’ is used in regard to any chronic health situation or physical, intellectual and sensorial deficiencies.» p. 113

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Articles répertoriés dans les bases de données mentionnées plus bas ainsi que dans les bibliographies de ces articles.

Instruments :
MEDLINE (1980 to 2005); CINHAL (1982 to 2005); ERIC (1966 to 2005); PsycINFO (1985 to 2005); Current Contents (1993 to 2005); Cochrane Library

Type de traitement des données :
Réflexion critique

3. Résumé


«The birth of a child is a transitional situation that triggers stress in the family and each person has to use adjustment strategies [...]. When the child has a health problem, the stress on the parents is correspondingly greater. Research shows that fathers and mothers of a child with a health problem experience this or deal differently.» (p. 112) «Critical reading of the publications reviewed enabled a pinpointing of two themes typical of the experience of fathers and mothers of a child with a health problem, on which the researchers focused: the impact of the child’s problem; and the coping strategies used by the parents.» (p. 114) «This analysis of the literature contributes to identifying gaps in research: mainly quantitative research obscures the otherness of the experience, and researchers need to focus more on fathers, a holistic vision of the phenomenon encompassing all the actors, and the positive impact of the arrival and presence of the disabled child on the parents’ lives. These findings clearly demonstrate the importance of promoting a qualitative approach that supports the mobilization and interaction of the social actors [...] and the pooling of their specific knowledge, within an interdisciplinary perspective, in order to open up new avenues of research.» (p. 125)