Duration of Poverty and Child Health in the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development: Longitudinal Analysis of a Birth Cohort

Duration of Poverty and Child Health in the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development: Longitudinal Analysis of a Birth Cohort

Duration of Poverty and Child Health in the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development: Longitudinal Analysis of a Birth Cohort

Duration of Poverty and Child Health in the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development: Longitudinal Analysis of a Birth Cohorts

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Référence bibliographique [2266]

Seguin, Louise, Nikiema, Béatrice, Gauvin, Lise, Zunzunegui, Maria-Victoria et Xu, Qian. 2007. «Duration of Poverty and Child Health in the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development: Longitudinal Analysis of a Birth Cohort ». Pediatrics, vol. 119, no 5, p. 1063-1070.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between duration of poverty and the health of preschool children in the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development birth cohort. » (p. 1063)

2. Méthode

« Data from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development for 1950 children who were followed annually up to age 31/2 years were analyzed. » (p. 1063)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« In this birth cohort, 13.7% ( 268) 31/2-year-old children from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development experienced intermittent poverty since birth (1-2 episodes), and another 14.4% (280) experienced chronic poverty (3-4 episodes). Children from families with chronic poverty had more frequent asthma attacks and had a higher cumulative health-problems index score, whereas children with intermittent poverty were more often perceived to be in less than very good health by their mothers. These associations remained statistically significant when controlling for child and mother characteristics. No association was observed between duration of poverty and infections or growth delay. Chronic poverty affects a large number of children and has negative consequences for preschool children’s health, although universal health care is available. The effects of chronic poverty may vary according to different health indicators and the age of the child. » (p. 1063)