Association between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Mothers and Children in Low-Income, Urban Neighborhoods

Association between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Mothers and Children in Low-Income, Urban Neighborhoods

Association between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Mothers and Children in Low-Income, Urban Neighborhoods

Association between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Mothers and Children in Low-Income, Urban Neighborhoodss

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Référence bibliographique [2249]

Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre, O’Loughlin, Jennifer, Gray-Donald, Katherine, Hanley, James et Paradis, Gilles. 2007. «Association between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Mothers and Children in Low-Income, Urban Neighborhoods ». Health Education & Behavior, vol. 34, no 5, p. 723-734.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
The objective of this research was to study « [...] F&V [fruit and vegetable] consumption in young school children, in relation to their mothers’ F&V consumption. » (p. 724)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« We hypothesized that F&V consumption in children is positively associated with F&V consumption in parents because children model their dietary behaviors on those of their parents and because parents control the availability of F&V at home. » (p. 724)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Data were collected in eight intervention schools located in a multiethnic, economically disadvantaged neighborhood in Montreal (O’Loughlin, Paradis, Renaud, Meshefedjian, & Gray-Donald, 1998). Sixteen comparison schools, also located in Montreal, were matched to intervention schools based on students’ mother tongue and a composite poverty index ranking each of the 330 elementary schools in Montreal in 1993 (O’Loughlin et al., 1998). All schools in the sample were in the lowest quartile of the poverty index. » (p. 724)

Instruments :
Questionnaire (Ammerman’s Dietary Risk Assessment)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« To understand factors influencing fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in children, the authors studied the association between F&V consumption in mothers and children in a sample of 1,106 boys and girls in Grades 4-6 in 24 elementary schools in low-income, multiethnic neighborhoods in Montreal, Canada. Approximately 10% of girls and 19% of boys reported not having eaten any vegetables in the week prior to questionnaire administration; 53% of girls and 63% of boys did not consume whole fruits daily. Each unit increase in F&V consumption in mothers was associated with a 10% to 20% increase in F&V consumption in children. Interventions to improve F&V consumption should aim to improve awareness among parents of the importance of fruits and vegetables and of the impact of their own behavior on their children’s F&V consumption. » (p. 723)