Référence bibliographique 
Chbat, Marianne et Côté, Isabel. 2022. «Lesbian and Queer Non-Birthing Mothers in France, Switzerland, and Québec: Differentiated Access to Reproductive Rights ». Sexuality, Gender and Policy, vol. 5, no 1, p. 26-42.
«This research sought to document the different forms of social, legal, and symbolic exclusion encountered by non-birthing lesbian and/or queer mothers in France, Switzerland, and Québec.» (p. 29)
«Thirty non-birthing mothers were met in [...] three jurisdictions (10 in France, 10 in Switzerland, and 10 in Québec) for individual interviews […]. Recruitment was done mainly through community organizations that advocate for the recognition and protection of LGBTQ+ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and other] families.» (p. 29)
Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu
According to the analysis, mothers interviwed «considered that they evolved in a social context that allowed them to experience their motherhood in line with their personal values and goals. The majority had also internalized an idealized vision of motherhood that supported a full and unwavering commitment of the mother. […] Although, in general, the mothers felt supported and respected by their partner, even when legal recognition of their status had not been granted, they also considered that legal recognition is essential to supporting and solidifying their identity from a social and symbolic point of view.» (p. 40-41) Authors «note, however, that although most of the women said they were satisfied with the services they obtained, some, in particular those who lived outside metropolitan areas in the province of Québec, deplored the limited and sometimes restrictive services they received. This indicates an unequal distribution of health resources in regions outside the urban centers. It also sheds light on a significant inequality between people who live in cities and those who live in a rural context. This may also explain the lack of increased visibility of sexual and gender minorities in certain regions of Québec, which has been addressed in various studies in the past decades.» (p. 32)