Référence bibliographique 
Chbat, Marianne, Côté, Isabel, Pagé, Geneviève et Blais, Martin. 2022. «Intersectional Analysis of the Life Course of LGBTQ+ Parent Families in Québec: Partial and Homonormative Inclusion ». Journal of Homosexuality, p. 1-22.
«Few studies have directly addressed the concerns of LGBTQ+ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer] parents, especially in the context of blended families when children were born into a previous heterosexual relationship or after a parent’s transition. To overcome this gap, our study attempted to shed light on the parenting experiences of these people while considering various factors, such as age, place of residence, gender identity, and belonging to a minority ethnic/ racial group, to name a few.» (p. 18)
«The SAVIE-LGBTQ [Savoirs sur l’inclusion et l’exclusion des personnes LGBTQ] research is the main research on which the results of this article are based.» (p. 7) In this study, «[t]hirty-one participants were recruited through the first wave of pre-interviews that took place in the summer of 2018. […] The second wave took place from January 2019 to the summer of 2020, completing the recruitment with a total of 137 participants.» (p. 8) In addition, «[t]he average age of the people we met was 45 years old, and more than a third of the respondents were over 50 years old. Participants had, on average, two children.» (p. 8)
Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu
Results of this study show that «[f]or almost all [participants], revealing their gender identity resulted in a separation from the other parent and required a period of reconstruction, in terms of both parenthood and personal image. This rupture or rejection resulted in great emotional suffering, and many felt they lost bonds that they had believed to be stable and indestructible.» (p. 9) In addition, «participants’ reflections show a form of internalized homophobia that is also fueled by the internalization of an idealized discourse of motherhood.» (p. 11) Plus, «the mothers who had left the children’s biological fathers all considered that their maternal identity must remain predominant in their lives and that it was essential to protect their children and offer them the best stability, no matter what they were going through in their lives.» (p. 11) Finally, «[a]lthough our results show that the experiences of parenthood were different for trans parents, lesbian and bisexual mothers, and gay fathers who had children through previous heterosexual relationships, all shared the fear of losing their children to different degrees.» (p. 14)