The Effect of Expanded Parental Benefits on Union Dissolution

The Effect of Expanded Parental Benefits on Union Dissolution

The Effect of Expanded Parental Benefits on Union Dissolution

The Effect of Expanded Parental Benefits on Union Dissolutions

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Référence bibliographique [22073]

Margolis, Rachel, Choi, Youjin, Holm, Anders et Mehta, Nirav. 2021. «The Effect of Expanded Parental Benefits on Union Dissolution ». Journal of Family and Marriage, vol. 83, no 1, p. 191-208.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«In this study, [authors] examine how the Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP), implemented in 2006, shifted parents’ union stability.» (p. 192)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
The «analysis is based on longitudinal administrative data. The primary source for data is the T1 Family File (T1FF), which Statistics Canada aggregates from the primary tax return (the T1 form). [The] analytic sample focuses on fathers who had a newborn child between January 2005 and December 2006, 1 year before and after the parental benefits extension (January 2006). […] Exposure to the QPIP is measured by a dummy variable indicating if the individual had a child born in 2006 and lived in Québec in the birth year. […] To examine the effects of the 2006 parental benefits policy extension in Québec on union dissolution, [authors] use two estimation strategies. The first is a DID [difference-in-differences] estimator to examine the effect of the reform on union dissolution overall […]. Second, [they] analyze the effect of using parental leave on union dissolution.» (p. 196)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

The «findings show that the Québec Parental Insurance Plan instituted in 2006 decreased the union dissolution rate by half of a percentage point overall. From an average separation rate of 8.6, this constitutes a 6% decrease, similar in direction and magnitude to the findings from Iceland […]. [The authors] also estimated the effect of fathers using parental benefits on their risk of separation and found the effects to be about twice as much as the policy overall (1.3% points is the LATE estimate). The size of these estimates is remarkable, especially given that most policies aimed to strengthen relationships such as the Building Strong Families Project and the Supporting Healthy Marriage Project had no effects on union stability […]. The mechanisms behind these findings can be understood with the gender revolution framework, which argues that policies that encourage the more equal division of household and care work allow couples to better implement egalitarian preferences and will make partnerships stronger […]. [The] results support this theoretical framework, since [authors] found the strongest effects in population subgroups that are more likely to be egalitarian in orientation, like relatively equal earning couples and native-born Canadians.» (p. 205)