Référence bibliographique 
Brassard, Audrey, Gagnon, Christine, Claing, Aurélie, Dugal, Caroline, Savard, Claudia et Péloquin, Katherine. 2022. «Can Romantic Attachment and Psychopathy Concomitantly Explain the Forms and Severity of Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence in Men Seeking Treatment? ». Partner Abuse, vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-21.
«This study aimed to examine the respective contributions of two risk markers, attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance) and psychopathy (primary and secondary), on the perpetration of intimate partner violence, as defined by three known forms (physical, psychological, sexual) and two levels of severity (minor, severe) within a non-correctional clinical sample of men who consulted a community setting for relational difficulties and IPV [intimate partner violence].» (p. 127-128)
The authors hypothesized that «men’s attachment anxiety would be positively related to their perpetration of physical […], psychological […] and sexual […] IPV. Attachment avoidance was hypothesized to be positively related to the perpetration of physical […] and psychological […] IPV. It was also expected that primary psychopathic traits would be positively associated with the perpetration of physical […], psychological […] and sexual […] IPV.» (p. 128)
«The sample consisted of 226 men aged from 18 to 69 years […]. The majority of the sample was French Canadian (93.7%), while 6.3% were born in another country.» (p. 128)
Type de traitement des données :
«Results showed that higher attachment anxiety was associated with the more frequent perpetration of minor psychological violence, such as doing something to spite the partner, yelling or insulting them, as well as severe physical violence, such as choking, kicking or beating up the partner.» (p. 134) Results also showed that «attachment anxiety was associated with minor, but not severe, forms of sexual violence, such as verbally pressuring a partner into sex. In accordance with previous findings (Brassard et al., 2007; Karantzas et al., 2016), men reporting more attachment anxiety might be more prone to pressure their partner for sex, despite their partner’s unwillingness, which would also be a dysfunctional and controlling way to meet their need for reassurance about their partner’s affection and lessen their relational insecurity and fear of rejection (Dutton, 2011).» (p. 134-135) «Primary psychopathy was associated with the perpetration of severe psychological and severe sexual violence, which has been previously observed (e.g., Holtzworth-Munroe et al., 2003), but not with physical violence.» (p. 135)