Référence bibliographique 
Petit, Marie-Pier, Blais, Martin et Hébert, Martine. 2021. «Prevalence, Co-Occurrence, and Recurrence of Teen Dating Violence Across Dimensions of Sexual Orientation: A Longitudinal Study Using a Representative Sample of Adolescents ». Psychology of Violence, vol. 11, no 2, p. 175-187.
«The goal of the study was to provide reliable estimates and comparisons of TDV [teen dating violence] victimization between heterosexual and SMY [sexual minority youth] subgroups, and across SMY subgroups. As an exploratory goal, [the study] also investigated whether TDV rates across sexual orientation subgroups differ for each gender.» (p. 177)
First, it was expected that each «form of TDV victimization would be more prevalent, recurrent, and more likely to co-occur for SMY subgroups compared with their heterosexual peers, either measured by sexual attraction […], lifetime sexual partners’ gender [...]. Conversely, adolescents reporting no sexual partner would report significantly lower prevalence, recurrence, and co-occurrence of each form of TDV than youth with different-gender sexual partners. [Second, it was supposed that adolescents] with multigender sexual attraction or sexual partners would score higher on TDV prevalence, recurrence, and co-occurrence compared with youth with same-gender sexual attraction or sexual partners.» (p. 177)
Participants were recruited from the Quebec Youths’ Romantic Relationships Project. They took part to the study «over a 18-month period (12 months before Wave 1 and 6 months before Wave 2). [More specifically, the] current study relied on a weighted sample of 4,691 adolescents from Quebec (Canada) who reported a current or past-year dating relationship during Wave 1 and/or a current or past half-year dating relationship during Wave 2. Among them, 2,129 participants (45.4%) were in a relationship only during Wave 1 (or only completed Wave 1), 378 youth (8.1%) reported dating partner(s) only during Wave 2, and 2,185 adolescents (46.6%) were involved in a relationship during both time points.» (p. 177)
Type de traitement des données :
The «results revealed that multigender adolescents, either assessed by sexual attraction or by lifetime sexual partners’ gender, were at increased risk of TDV victimization compared with different-gender adolescents, which is in agreement with [the] first hypothesis and with previous population-based […]. They had about 1.5 to 4 times the odds of experiencing physical TDV, sexual TDV, and threatening behavior, and of facing multiple forms of TDV. They also reported greater recurrence of psychological, physical, and sexual TDV as well as a higher total TDV score. […] The current findings also revealed that TDV experienced by bisexual adolescents mostly occurred in different-gender relationships. Of particular interest might be the sexual orientation of the other partner. It is possible that an unequal power dynamic operates in couples in which one partner belongs to a marginalized group and the other partner is in a dominant position, which may trigger TDV toward the marginalized partner. [The] other assumptions regarding same-gender subgroups were partially or not supported. Contrary to previous findings […], same-gender adolescents, either assessed by sexual attraction or lifetime sexual partners’ gender, did not differ from their different-gender peers on any form and characteristic of TDV […].» (p. 184)