Référence bibliographique 
Friendly, Martha, Beach, Jane, Mohamed, Sophia, Rothman, Laurel, Vickerson, Rachel et Young, Carol Ann. 2020. Moving From Private to Public Processes to Create Child Care Services in Canada. Toronto (Ontario): Childcare Resource and Research Unit.
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«This paper examines the private creation of Canadian child care services in contrast to the more publicly managed approaches used in countries with further developed child care systems.» (p. 4)
Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données :
The study «describes the disadvantageous consequences of “relying on the good will of people deciding to open up child care services” – a market model that relies on the private initiatives of voluntary organizations, parents or entrepreneurs to develop child care serves. This, together with the persistent lack of supply, funding and support of needed child care services and inequitable accessibility for specific groups of families, children and communities, has been identified again and again as a barrier to women’s equality, social justice and family functioning in Canada.» (p. 122) Moreover, the study describes five Canada’s provinces where «child care services child care services are operated by municipalities and school boards, both public entities. [For example, while] Quebec child care services for children younger than school-age are all run by either private non-profit and for-profit operators, school authorities operate almost all services for school-age children. Schoolage child care, which includes kindergarten-age children, is under the aegis of the Ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement Supérieur (MEES), not the Ministère de la Famille, which is responsible for child care for children 0-5 years. School authorities are required to provide school-age child care, charging a flat parent fee, when there is sufficient demand. Proportionately, Quebec has more child care for school-age children than preschool-aged children, reporting more than 350,000 school-aged child care spaces in 2019 […].» (p. 76)