Référence bibliographique 
Tardif-Grenier, Kristel, Archambault, Isabelle, Dupéré, Véronique, Marks, Amy K. et Olivier, Elizabeth. 2021. «Canadian Adolescents’ Internalized symptoms in Pandemic Times: Association with Sociodemographic Characteristics, Confinement Habits, and Support ». Psychiatric Quarterly, vol. 92, no 3, p. 1-17.
This study «aims to identify the sociodemographic characteristics (age, family composition, achievement), confinement habits […], and sources of support (from parents and teachers) associated with anxious (somatic, generalized, traumatic) and depressive symptoms (somatic, affective) in adolescents during confinement.» (p. 3)
«Between April 8 and April 30, 2020, Quebec adolescents aged between 12 and 17 were invited to answer anonymously to an online survey on their well-being during confinement. […] A total of 895 adolescents completed the questionnaire (M age=14.7 […]). The sample is characterized by a significant disproportion between boys and girls (74%).» (p. 3)
Type de traitement des données :
«Some sociodemographic characteristics (family status), confinement habits (new hobby, using cellphones, doing sports, and time spent doing schoolwork), and support variables (parents working outside the home) were significantly associated with anxiety and/or depressive symptoms. [For example, youth] who lived with both of their parents reported higher levels of traumatic anxiety. This result is surprising as the financial stability resulting from living with both parents could have helped alleviate stress in this time of economic instability for many families […]. Therefore, this surprising association could be explained by the fact that youth living with two parents may have been more exposed to marital conflict, a significant stressor for adolescents that can generates anxiety […].» (p. 7-9) Moreover, «[s]urprisingly, teenagers whose parents worked outside the home reported less depressive affect, thus feeling less sad and depressed. However, one might think that teenagers whose two parents work outside would had more difficulty in confinement since they may have been left without supervision and support. It is therefore conceivable the fact that parents worked out of home, as they did in normal times, contributed to the feeling of normalcy in the situation, may have limited family conflicts, and financial strains […].» (p. 12)