Intentions : «The current research examined the hypothesis that males derive greater benefits than females do from cooperation with same-sex peers versus parents.» (p. 13)
Questions/Hypothèses : «[...] [S]ex differences in the value of genetically unrelated same-sex peers relative to family members should be greater for human males than females. The goal of the present study was to test this hypothesis.» (p.
Échantillon/Matériau : Study 1: 39 children, 61 early adolescents, 51 late adolescents, and 43 adults from Belgium Study 2: 50 students from Montreal who lived with their parents and were between 18-22 years of age
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«In Study 1, 194 children, early adolescents, older adolescents, and adults from Brussels, Belgium predicted whether parents or same-sex peers would provide more benefits to a typical individual of their same age and sex. Results showed that at all four age levels, compared with females, males predicted that same-sex peers would provide more benefits relative to parents. Study 2 was designed to examine which benefits same-sex peers relative to parents provide more for males than females. In Study 2, 50 young adults from Montreal, Canada were asked to report to what extent same-sex peers and parents satisfied physical needs, fulfilled socioemotional needs, and helped with acquiring societal skills over the past year. Males more than females reported that same-sex peers relative to parents satisfied socioemotional needs and helped with the acquisition of societal skills. Discussion revolves around the hypothesized differential relations of males and females to families versus same-sex peers.» (p. 13)