Intentions : «This dissertation examines the impact that public policy and private services have on crime and social norms. In the first two chapters, [the author evaluates] the effect of the late night transportation options on the incidence of crime. [In Chapter 3, the author investigates] the effect of a father-specific parental leave policy reform in Quebec, Canada.» (p. v-vi) The author presumes that the 2006 Quebec Parental Insurance Program (QPIP) «constitutes an optimal environment to study the effect on parental leave take-up.» (p. 85) La présente fiche ne concernera que le troisième chapitre de cette thèse.
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Réflexion critique
«Child-rearing responsibilities play a significant role in defining long-term gender differences in the labor market. Parental leave policies are powerful public policy tools with the ability to influence the division of child-related responsibilities.» (p. 98) By studying the Quebec case, the author finds «that trough increasing paternal take-up of parental leave, the QPIP reform increases the likelihood of employment for women of all ages. This result is consistent with the change in gender norms, which reduces barriers to employment for women. [She also finds] that the QPIP caused a reduction in wages for all groups but older men. The reduction in young men’s wages suggests that father-specific parental leave also reduces statistical discrimination in the labor market. The reduction in women’s wages is the consequence of increased competition in the labor market. Overall, [these] findings suggest that the daddy quota in Quebec led to equalization of male and female labor market opportunities.» (p. 99)