Lien entre la consommation maternelle de cannabis et l’usage de cette substance chez les adolescents inuits du Nunavik

Lien entre la consommation maternelle de cannabis et l’usage de cette substance chez les adolescents inuits du Nunavik

Lien entre la consommation maternelle de cannabis et l’usage de cette substance chez les adolescents inuits du Nunavik

Lien entre la consommation maternelle de cannabis et l’usage de cette substance chez les adolescents inuits du Nunaviks

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Référence bibliographique [21430]

Simard, Alexandra. 2018. «Lien entre la consommation maternelle de cannabis et l’usage de cette substance chez les adolescents inuits du Nunavik». Mémoire doctoral, Québec, Université Laval, Département de psychologie.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The aim of this study was to longitudinally examine the association between maternal use of cannabis and the subsequent use of this substance by their children during adolescence, a developmental period characterized by a high risk for substance use, particularly in Inuit adolescents.» (p. 13)

Questions/Hypothèses :
Two hypotheses were tested: «a higher frequency of cannabis use among mothers will be associated with […] an earlier subsequent initiation to cannabis, and […] a subsequent more frequent use among their adolescent.» (p. 9)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«This study is based on longitudinal data from the Nunavik Child Development Study (NCDS […]). […] Maternal caregivers (biological and adoptive mothers) were invited to a follow-up assessment when their child was in the transition between childhood and adolescence (Time 1 (T1): 2005-2010, N = 294 [8-15 years old]). The children alone were invited when they reached adolescence to a follow-up assessment (Time 2 (T2): 2012-2016, N= 212 [16-20 years old]). For [the] analysis, 184 dyads (mothers and adolescents) were included.» (p. 14)

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


This study’s results show no significant association between the «frequency of maternal cannabis use [and the] frequency of cannabis use by their adolescent.» (p. 20) «One possible explanation of the depicted associations between mother and adolescent’s cannabis use in previous studies is modeling, that is when adolescents see their parents using substances and copy this behavior […]. The lack of association [reported] between mother and adolescent’s cannabis use might be explained by the less direct mother-child modeling in the Inuit population, as the Inuit culture extends proximal connections beyond the family unit. This value often mentioned by Inuit is that of being “ilagiit” in Inuktitut […]: the people who are with me. The majority of Nunavik Inuit currently lives in overcrowding houses (62% of families) […] providing adolescents diverse models where maternal influence could be weakened.» (p. 21) Also, the results «show that the difference in cannabis consumption between the Inuit of Nunavik and other Canadians is considerable. [A] greater proportion of Inuit adolescents from [this] sample reported using cannabis everyday […] when compared with national statistics for Canadian adolescents […].» (p. 21)