Food Insecurity and Psychological Distress in Inuit Adolescents of Nunavik

Food Insecurity and Psychological Distress in Inuit Adolescents of Nunavik

Food Insecurity and Psychological Distress in Inuit Adolescents of Nunavik

Food Insecurity and Psychological Distress in Inuit Adolescents of Nunaviks

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Référence bibliographique [21416]

Bradette-Laplante, Maude, Courtemanche, Yohann, Desrochers-Couture, Mireille, Forget-Dubois, Nadine, Bélanger, Richard E., Ayotte, Pierre, Jacobson, Joseph L., Jacobson, Sandra W. et Muckle, Gina. 2020. «Food Insecurity and Psychological Distress in Inuit Adolescents of Nunavik ». Public Health Nutrition, vol. 23, no 14, p. 2615-2625.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
The «present study aims to assess the association between food insecurity and psychological distress during adolescence in Inuit communities and to examine whether the burden of persistent household food insecurity overtime from childhood to adolescence is associated with psychological distress during adolescence.» (p. 2616)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«The participants were members of an ongoing mother-child prospective longitudinal cohort. [...] The [first] recruitment period extended from November 1993 to December 1996 (n 491 mothers). During a subsequent project, [...] that took place between November 1995 and March 2002, 221 more mothers were recruited. At school age (9–13 years), a subsample of these children and their primary caregiver (PC) (n 294 […]) participated in the Nunavik Child Development Study (NCDS-childhood), […] which took place between September 2005 and February 2010. […] The participants were evaluated again during adolescence (NCDS-adolescence) between January 2013 and February 2016 (16–21 years).» (p. 2616-2617)

Instruments :
- Questionnaires
- Guide d’entretien semi-directif

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé


In this study’s sample, «[f]ood insecurity was common, with about four of ten adolescents experiencing severe food insecurity. Higher food insecurity in adolescence was associated with specific concurrent symptoms of distress: depression and withdrawn attitude. [L]ongitudinal associations of persistent food insecurity in childhood through adolescence with depression and anxiety symptoms at adolescence [were also found]. […] This study suggests that food insecurity is an important risk factor that contributes to psychological distress and that improving food security could be an effective means of reducing distress in a significant portion of the Inuit population. [Furthermore, food] insecurity was associated with concurrent adolescent internalising behaviours, with the strongest association being depression symptoms.» (p. 2621) «Programmes targeted at children, such as distribution of breakfast and healthy snacks at school, […] help prevent food insecurity. However, it has been reported that food insecurity could affect adolescents even more than children. The present study therefore emphasises the importance of continuing and expanding food security-related initiatives, particularly the need to target adolescents as well as including them in the development of dedicated culturally appropriate activities and workshops.» (p. 2622)