Intentions : L’objectif de cet article est de présenter un bilan des différents modèles d’habitation qui ont été offerts aux patients souffrant de troubles psychiatriques. La recherche se concentre sur les cinquante dernières années au Québec.
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Réflexion critique
«The first [section of this article] presents and describes different housing models from the first ones put in place after deinstitutionalization until today. The second section describes the findings of Dorvil et al. […] study on the qualitative effects of these different housing models on its users. The third section is dedicated to the influential At Home/Chez Soi project and its repercussions on housing for marginalized groups in Quebec. The fourth section presents permanent housing with support, a current model that is gaining traction in Quebec. [The authors argue that as] the de-institutionalization of psychiatric patients is a current issue in the field, it is important to recognize that an estimated 70 percent of people with psychiatric disorders live with their families […]. It is a simple solution to the housing problem since these patients stay in their naturally occurring network and do not require state funds to function. However, [they] argue that this model is not sufficient for the rehabilitation of these patients. Caregiving is especially stressful for the families, as they are rarely prepared to deal with the onset of the disorders that can be accompanied with stressful behavior […].» (p. 2)