Référence bibliographique 
Dugal, Caroline, Bélanger, Claude, Brassard, Audrey et Godbout, Natacha. 2020. «A Dyadic Analysis of the Associations Between Cumulative Childhood Trauma and Psychological Intimate Partner Violence: The Mediating Roles of Negative Urgency and Communication Patterns ». Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, vol. 46, no 2, p. 337-351.
«The aim of this study was to examine the mediational roles of individual negative urgency and dyadic communication patterns in the association between CCT [cumulative childhood trauma] and P-IPV [psychological intimate partner violence] perpetration in a sample of heterosexual couples from the general population.» (p. 344)
«It was hypothesized that: [p]artner’s experience of CCT would be associated with both their own (actor effect) and their partners’ (partner effect) higher levels of negative urgency, which in turn would be negatively associated with the use of constructive communication and positively associated with demand/withdraw, mutual avoidance and demand/demand patterns (actor and partner effects); [t]he use of constructive communication would be negatively associated with P-IPV perpetrated by both partners and demand/withdraw, mutual avoidance, and demand/demand patterns would be positively associated with P-IPV perpetrated by both partners (actor and partner effects); [b]oth partners’ levels of negative urgency and communication patterns would fully mediate the associations between CCT and P-IPV (actor and partner effects).» (p. 340)
«A convenience sample of 501 French-Canadian heterosexual couples (1,002 individuals) were recruited from the general community based on the following criteria: [b]e 18 years old or older and [b]e involved in an intimate relationship. Participants were recruited through a private survey firm who contacted them using telephone numbers from across the province of Québec, Canada. […] On average, participants were aged 50 years (SD = 12.9, range = 19–86), and had been involved in the current relationship for 22 years (ranging from 0 to 72 years)» (p. 340)
Type de traitement des données :
«[T]he current results demonstrate how negative urgency plays a role in the interpersonal repercussions of CCT. Yet, they go further as they bring to light some of the relational dynamics that explain the nk between CCT and P-IPV in adulthood. The percentage of explained variance in P-IPV that CCT offers remains small, which is similar to other studies […]. Yet, by examining potential mediating variables, not only this study suggests proximal targets to reduce CCT’s detrimental effects on adult relationships but also pinpoints risk markers for P-IPV that can be targeted even in the absence of CCT. Precisely, results of the current study reveal that, in both women and men, increases in the number of CCT events are associated with higher levels of negative urgency, which in turn are associated with higher endorsement of a demand/withdraw and demand/demand communication pattern, and of P-IPV perpetration. Results also highlight that the link between CCT and P-IPV victimization (i.e., perpetration of P-IPV by the partner) is mediated by higher levels of negative urgency, which are associated with a higher endorsement of withdrawing behaviors in women, and higher demanding behaviors in both partners. As previously put forward, results suggest that as the number of CCT experiences increases, individuals are more likely to have trouble refraining from acting impulsively during conflicts with their partners.» (p. 344-345)