Changes in Parenting To or From Changes in Adolescent Well-Being? A Transactional Perspective

Changes in Parenting To or From Changes in Adolescent Well-Being? A Transactional Perspective

Changes in Parenting To or From Changes in Adolescent Well-Being? A Transactional Perspective

Changes in Parenting To or From Changes in Adolescent Well-Being? A Transactional Perspectives

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Référence bibliographique [2124]

Bloch-Torrico, Geneviève. 2008. «Changes in Parenting To or From Changes in Adolescent Well-Being? A Transactional Perspective». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de psychologie.

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The aim of this research was to explore whether changes in parenting from early to middle adolescence have an impact on adolescent developmental trajectories [...]. In order to explore the nature of the relationship between change in parenting and change in adolescent adujstment, we examined change over a period of four years in three parenting variables and four indices of adolescent adjustment bi-directionally. The present study hopes to offer insight into which parenting factors are involved in well-being during adolescence, and the impact of these factors from early to middle adolescence. » (p. 10)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« The specific hypotheses were that: 1) Initial levels of parental autonomy granting, behavioural control and warmth would be related positively to adolescent adjustment over time; that 2) An increase in autonomy granting and warmth from early to middle adolescence would predict decreases in depression, delinquency and substance use, as well as increases in self-esteem from early to middle adolescence; and that 3) Early adolescent fuctioning would predict changes in parenting. » (pp. 10-11)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
173 adolescents aged 12 to 14 years

Instruments :
General and Parent Information forms
Parenting Style Inventory III
Shortened Child Depression Inventory
General Self-esteem and Self-description Questionnaire
Delinquency Scale
Alcohol and Drug Use Scale

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The present longitudinal study examined the relation between initial and changed levels of parenting practices and changes in adjustment from early to middle adolescence. In particular, the associations of parental autonomy granting, behavioural control and warmth to adolescent depression, self-esteem, delinquent behaviours and substance use were investigated. Bi-directionality from early adolescent functioning to changes in parenting was also assessed. Results [...] indicated that initial levels of parenting, particularly warmth, were related to early adolescent adjustment; and that initial levels of parental warmth were associated to changes in self-esteem, but not in the other indices of adjustment. Other findings revealed that changes in all three parenting practices were connected to change in the developmental trajectories of adolescents over a four-year period, from approximately age 13 [...] and age 16 [...]. Transactional effects were found for two of the early adolescent variables, depression and substance use; these results revealed that early adolescent adjustment was linked to changes over time in parental behavioural control and warmth. » (p. iii)