Référence bibliographique 
Tremblay, Marie-Agnès et Poulin, François. 2021. «Congruence and Incongruence in Father, Mother, and Adolescent Reports of Parental Monitoring: Examining the Links with Antisocial Behaviors ». Journal of Early Adolescence, vol. 41, no 2, p. 225-252.
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«The current study aimed to examine the links between congruence and incongruence in adolescents’ and their fathers’, and adolescents’ and their mothers’ assessments of the various dimensions of parental monitoring, on the one hand, and the adolescents’ antisocial behaviors, on the other hand.» (p. 2)
«The first hypothesis was that adolescent-parent incongruence on all the dimensions of parental monitoring would be positively associated with the adolescents’ antisocial behaviors, whereas adolescent-parent congruence would be negatively associated with these behaviors. The second hypothesis was that adolescent-father incongruence would be positively associated with the adolescent’s antisocial behaviors, whereas adolescent-mother incongruence would be negatively associated with these behaviors.» (p. 6)
«The participants were part of a longitudinal study initially involving 390 sixth graders (58% girls) from eight elementary schools in the province of Quebec, Canada. [...] When the participants were in their first year of high school, mothers, fathers, and the target adolescent were invited to fill out separate questionnaires on parental monitoring (see procedure below). Of these, 356 adolescents, 245 mothers, and 180 fathers completed the questionnaire. Only families for which data were available from all three sources were included in the current study [n=163].» (p. 7)
Type de traitement des données :
«Overall, the results showed adolescent-parent congruence to be negatively associated with adolescents’ antisocial behaviors, whereas adolescent-parent incongruence was not associated with these behaviors, regardless of the direction or overall level of incongruence. […] Moreover, the results were not the same for all four dimensions of parental monitoring and differed according to whether they referred to the father’s or mother’s perceptions.» (p. 16) «[T]wo results should be highlighted here. First, a curvilinear association was found between adolescent-father congruence on parental knowledge and adolescent antisocial behaviors, whereas a linear association was found between adolescent-mother congruence on this dimension and these behaviors. In other words, the greater the extent to which both adolescents and fathers rated parental knowledge as high, the lesser the adolescents presented antisocial behaviors, up to a certain point, when these behaviors stopped decreasing even if the perceived level of parental knowledge increased. Thus, the protective effect of adolescent-father congruence on parental knowledge appeared to level off at some point, whereas the effect of adolescent-mother congruence on this dimension did not. This may suggest that at any level of parental knowledge reported by mothers, the mothers used this knowledge to adjust their monitoring, thus explaining the linear association with the adolescents’ antisocial behaviors.» (p. 19)