Référence bibliographique 
Carbonneau, Noémie, Goodman, Lynnel C., Roberts, Lindsey T., Bégin, Catherine, Lussier, Yvan et Musher-Eizenman, Dara R. 2020. «A Look at the Intergenerational Associations Between Self-Compassion, Body Esteem, and Emotional Eating Within Dyads of Mothers and their Adult Daughters ». Body Image, vol. 33, p. 106-114.
«The current study examined the relation between mothers’ and daughters’ self-compassion, body esteem, and emotional eating in French-speaking, Canadian, adult mothers and daughters.» (p. 111)
«First, given that mothers’ attitudes and behaviors related to food and body image are often transmitted to their [daughters, the authors] expected some degree of concordance between mothers’ and daughters’ levels of self-compassion, body esteem, and emotional eating. [Second, they] hypothesized that women who are compassionate toward themselves would report higher body esteem, which in turn should be related to less emotional eating. [Third, they] expected that daughters of self-compassionate mothers would report less emotional eating.» (p. 108)
«Participants were 191 dyads of mothers and their daughters from the province of Quebec, Canada.» (p. 108) La région de provenance des participantes n’est pas mentionnée dans l’étude.
Type de traitement des données :
This study shows «a positive relation between mothers’ and daughters’ reports of self-compassion and emotional eating. Results also supported the hypothesis that women who are more compassionate toward themselves would report higher body esteem, which would in turn be related to less emotional eating. [The authors] found a positive relation between self-compassion and body esteem as well as a negative relation between body esteem and emotional eating […]. The mediational hypothesis was also supported, suggesting that body esteem is a mechanism that links self-compassion to eating behaviors.» (p. 111) Moreover, they «found that daughters of self-compassionate mothers reported less emotional eating, and that both mothers’ (body esteem, emotional eating) and daughters’ (self-compassion, body esteem) characteristics mediated this association. Specifically, [results show] that mothers’ self-compassion negatively relates to daughters’ emotional eating because it affects both mothers’ views of their own bodies and eating behavior. This finding suggests that mother’s self-compassion is associated with more positive cognitions about her body and less emotional eating. As these mothers are not modeling emotional eating, their daughters are also less likely to emotionally eat. Further, mothers’ self-compassion is associated with daughters’ eating by affecting daughters’ views of self. […] Taken together, these findings suggest that mothers transmit both their self-views and their eating behaviors to their daughters.» (p. 112)