Reducing Mommy Penalties with Daddy Quotas

Reducing Mommy Penalties with Daddy Quotas

Reducing Mommy Penalties with Daddy Quotas

Reducing Mommy Penalties with Daddy Quotass

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Référence bibliographique [21131]

Dunatchik, Allison et Özcan, Berkay. 2019. Reducing Mommy Penalties with Daddy Quotas. Londres (UK): London School of Economics and Political Science, Département des politiques sociales.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
The aim of this study is to analyze «the impact of the implementation of a 2006 daddy quota policy in Quebec, Canada on mothers’ labor market outcomes.» (p. 1)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
The authors used «microdata from Statistics Canada’s Survey of Labour Income Dynamics (SLID) […] for reference years 2003 – 2011, omitting data from the treatment year (2006) as [they were] unlikely to observe effects of QPIP [Quebec Parental Insurance Plan] in such an early phase of implementation.» (p. 7)

Instruments :

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

In light of their research, authors mention in particular «that the introduction of QPIP has improved some of mothers’ labor market outcomes in the province, with Quebec mothers exposed to the policy more likely to participate in the labor force than they would have been in the absence of the policy. Further investigation shows that much of this increased labor force participation manifests as full-time work and that mothers exposed to the policy are less likely work part-time and less likely to be unemployed. [On the other hand they] do not find evidence that the policy had a statistically significant effect on mothers’ hourly wages. […] The null result on mothers’ hourly wages could be interpreted in a number of ways. First, it is possible that QPIP simply had no discernable impact on mothers’ wages. It is also possible that it may take several years to observe substantial increases in earnings associated with increased participation in the labor force, and that [the] period of analysis is too short to capture such effects. Alternatively, the result could indicate that although QPIP’s increases mothers’ labor market activities, it does not diminish the competency bias they face in the work place […] and therefore does not result in higher wages.» (p. 21)