Overcrowding and Sense of Home in the Canadian Arctic

Overcrowding and Sense of Home in the Canadian Arctic

Overcrowding and Sense of Home in the Canadian Arctic

Overcrowding and Sense of Home in the Canadian Arctics

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Référence bibliographique [21110]

Perreault, Karine, Riva, Mylène, Dufresne, Philippe et Fletcher, Christopher. 2020. «Overcrowding and Sense of Home in the Canadian Arctic ». Housing Studies, vol. 35, no 2, p. 353-375.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«This study examines the relationship between living in overcrowded conditions and several PSF [psycho-social factors] capturing ‘sense of home’ in twelve Inuit communities in Nunavik and Nunavut.» (p. 359)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
The sample consists of «134 adults from 117 households in Nunavik and 155 adults from 124 households in Nunavut». (p. 360)

Instruments :

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

Following their research, the authors discuss the results from various angles, such as sense of home, health and women’s well-being. The section on the well-being of women deals mainly with family issues. In this regard, the authors mention in particular that «Inuit women, like other women in many societies, occupy central roles within families and communities. Important topics raised by Inuit women regarding their health and well-being relate to family life, including raising children, caregiving for aging parents, balance of work and family, and family food security[.] Historically, following traditional livelihoods, Inuit men and women had distinct but complementary roles. While men had primary authority outside the home, women had more power inside the home. Women took charge of childrearing, preparing food and water, keeping the shelter warm and clean, making clothes, boots, and preparing skins for various functions[.] Although there is cooperation between many husbands and wives, with the introduction of the wage economy and social assistance, traditional lines of authority have blurred and gender roles have changed[.] Arguably, the roles of women have not only changed, but have also expanded. […] Women now carry responsibilities related to wage-labour, in addition to their traditional domestic responsibilities.» (p. 368)