Morphosyntactic Development and Severe Parental Neglect in 4-Year-Old French-Speaking Children: ELLAN Study

Morphosyntactic Development and Severe Parental Neglect in 4-Year-Old French-Speaking Children: ELLAN Study

Morphosyntactic Development and Severe Parental Neglect in 4-Year-Old French-Speaking Children: ELLAN Study

Morphosyntactic Development and Severe Parental Neglect in 4-Year-Old French-Speaking Children: ELLAN Studys

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Référence bibliographique [21105]

Julien, Catherine, Sylvestre, Audette, Bouchard, Caroline et Leblond, Jean. 2019. «Morphosyntactic Development and Severe Parental Neglect in 4-Year-Old French-Speaking Children: ELLAN Study ». Child Maltreatment, vol. 24, no 3, p. 254-264.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«[T]he general aim of this study was to examine the level of morphosyntactic development of French-speaking neglected children at age 4. Two specific goals derived from this: [t]o measure the level of morphosyntactic development of a sample of neglected children and compare it to that of a sample of non-neglected peers of the same age and [t]o quantify the prevalence of morphosyntactic difficulties among the neglected children.» (p. 255)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«This cross-sectional study was part of a longitudinal study aiming to identify the personal and environmental determinants of school readiness among neglected children aged 3–5 years […]. The sample used in the current study […] includes 44 neglected children (experimental group, 48.32 months, SD ¼ 0.45) and 92 nonneglected children (comparison group, mean age ¼ 48.07 months, SD ¼ 0.24) for whom morphosyntactic data were available. […] The neglected children were recruited in four urban area youth centers (YCs) in Quebec City and Montreal (Canada) […].» (p. 256)

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«Overall, the neglected children showed significantly lower morphosyntactic skills than their non-neglected peers for three of the four indicators studied (MLU [mean length of utterances] in morphemes, verbal inflections [tenses and moods] and omission errors, but not total number of word-level errors). For the latter indicator, the mean difference approached the significance threshold (p ¼ .059), suggesting that the neglected children also tended to make more frequent word-level errors. Notably, the prevalence of morphosyntactic difficulties among the neglected children, based on the MLUm, was more than 5 times (25.6%) that among the non-neglected children (4.7%). A detailed analysis of the morphosyntactic difficulties presented by the neglected children indicated a lag in morphosyntactic maturity among these children. This lag translated into a level of skills similar to that of children up to 2 years younger. Presenting such major clinical difficulties at age 4, a pivotal age in the development of the morphosyntactic component of language, is very alarming. Typically, the language systems that contribute to the production of longer sentences have stabilized by 4 years of age […]. This makes the difficulties identified at this age all the more worrying.» (p. 259-260)