Women Are Key for Future Growth: Evidence from Canada

Women Are Key for Future Growth: Evidence from Canada

Women Are Key for Future Growth: Evidence from Canada

Women Are Key for Future Growth: Evidence from Canadas

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Référence bibliographique [21074]

Petersson, Bengt, Mariscal, Rodrigo et Ishi, Kotaro. 2017. Women Are Key for Future Growth: Evidence from Canada. Coll. «IMF Working Papers, 17/166»: International Monetary Fund.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«The primary objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of female labor participation on labor productivity growth in Canada.» (p. 6) Moreover, the article compares, between canadian provinces, some incentives for women to work like child care service and parental leaves.

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
«The key variables used in the analysis―labor productivity and labor force participation―are calculated [...] based on national accounts and labor force survey estimates from Statistics Canada.» (p. 9) Authors «use data from the 10 Canadian provinces. [...] The sample period is from 1990 to 2015. The annual data are averaged for five 5-year periods.» (p. 10)

Instruments :

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

«The main finding of this paper is that female labor force participation among well educated women has a positive effect on labor productivity. This finding is not a surprise. As well understood in the growth literature, an economy with many highly skilled workers is likely to be much more productive.» (p. 31) In addition, results «show that Quebec offers greater economic incentives for women to work than do other provinces. Quebec’s approach is unique in Canada in the sense that the provincial government focuses on a supply-side funding approach. Quebec authorities set the ceiling of the price of child care services to households and to compensate their operating costs, provide funding assistance to child care service providers.» (p. 25) Moreover «[w]hile parental leave benefits can be shared between the parents, most fathers do not make much use of the benefit after the birth or adoption of children, except in Quebec (which has earmarked father-only leave in addition to parental leave). [I]n Quebec, the share of fathers who took parental leave was 78.3 percent, nearly three times the national average (the share of mothers was also the highest, at 94.5 percent).» (p. 30)