Regional Variations in Multiple-Partner Fertility in Canada

Regional Variations in Multiple-Partner Fertility in Canada

Regional Variations in Multiple-Partner Fertility in Canada

Regional Variations in Multiple-Partner Fertility in Canadas

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Référence bibliographique [20999]

Fostik, Ana et Le Bourdais, Céline. 2020. «Regional Variations in Multiple-Partner Fertility in Canada ». Canadian Studies in Population, vol. 47, p. 73-95.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«This article is a first attempt at filling the gap in research on multiple-partner fertility [MPF] in Canada. It documents the prevalence and timing of MPF across regions and explores some of the factors associated with this phenomenon.» (p. 91)

Questions/Hypothèses :
This research answers «the following two questions: [w]hat is the prevalence of multiple-partner fertility in Canada and does it differ across Canadian regions, and [a]re there regional differences in the type of family trajectory that leads to multiple-partner fertility?» (p. 75)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
Authors «use the 2011 General Social Survey (GSS) on family, a nationally representative survey of noninstitutionalised individuals aged 15 years or older living in Canada, excluding residents of the Territories. [Their] analysis focuses on respondents aged 25–64 years at the time of the survey. The lower age limit excludes younger generations who had barely started their conjugal and reproductive life and, the upper limit, older generations who were relatively less affected by changes in union behaviours and who might suffer from some recollection problems. [Their] initial sample comprises 6651 men and 8242 women […].» (p. 79-80)

Instruments :

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

Results show that «multiple-partner fertility appears closely linked to the conditions surrounding the birth of the first child. Consequently, MPF is found to be more prevalent in regions such as the Atlantic provinces and the Prairies where a larger proportion of first births occur at young ages and outside a coresidential union. Regions displaying a lower proportion of first births outside residential union, such as Ontario and Quebec, exhibit a lower prevalence of MPF.» (p. 91) Moreover, «Quebec women do not differ from those living in Ontario in their likelihood of having a second child with a partner other than that of their first-born. Among men, only residents of the Prairies have a significantly higher risk of experiencing MPF compared with the Ontarians (ratio of 1.54).» (p. 86-89) «Despite the importance of cohabitation (and high instability of this type of union) […] and the high rate of repartnering following the demise of a union observed in Quebec […], men and women living in this province still experience a relatively low level of MPF, similar to that registered in Ontario. This result is probably attributable to the fact that cohabiting unions, which are more widespread in Quebec, tend to last longer in this province than elsewhere in Canada or in the USA, where it is associated with a higher rate of MPF […].» (p. 90)