Prenatal Substance Use Disorders and Dental Caries in Children

Prenatal Substance Use Disorders and Dental Caries in Children

Prenatal Substance Use Disorders and Dental Caries in Children

Prenatal Substance Use Disorders and Dental Caries in Childrens

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Référence bibliographique [20975]

Auger, Nathalie, Low, Nicola, Lee, Ga Eun, Ayoub, Aimina et Nicolau, Belinda. 2020. «Prenatal Substance Use Disorders and Dental Caries in Children ». Journal of Dental Research, vol. 99, no 4, p. 395-401.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
The authors «investigated the association of maternal substance use with risk of dental caries hospitalization in children up to 12 [years] of age.» (p. 395)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
The sample consists «of 790,758 infants born between 2006 and 2016 in all hospitals of Quebec, Canada. The cohort includes almost all children in Quebec as 99% of births occur in hospitals. [The authors] collected data on each child from the Maintenance and Use of Data for the Study of Hospital Clientele registry, which includes discharge abstracts of patients admitted to hospitals in Quebec.» (p. 396)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


Results show that in a «cohort with more than 5.4 million person-years of follow-up, maternal substance use before or during pregnancy was associated with nearly twice the risk of hospitalization for childhood dental caries compared with no substance use. Associations were stronger for alcohol, cocaine, and cannabis and were particularly prominent for caries involving the dental pulp. Substance use during pregnancy was more strongly associated with the risk of dental caries hospitalization than use before pregnancy. [Moreover, the] findings suggest maternal substance use before or during pregnancy is a risk factor for advanced childhood caries and highlight the importance of preventative dental care in susceptible children.» (p. 398)