Haeck, Catherine, Pare, Samuel, Lefebvre, Pierre et Merrigan, Philip. 2019. «Paid Parental Leave: Leaner Might Be Better ». Canadian Public Policy, vol. 45, no 2, p. 212-238.
Intentions : «In this article, [the authors] provide an evaluation of the Quebec Parental Insurance Program (QPIP) relative to the Canadian parental leave program.» (p. 212)
Échantillon/Matériau : Les données qu’utilisent les auteurs proviennent de quatre sources, soit l’Enquête longitudinale nationale sur les enfants et les jeunes, l’Enquête sur les jeunes Canadiens, la Régie de l’assurance maladie du Québec ainsi que l’Institut de la statistique du Québec.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«[The] results suggest that after the introduction of the QPIP, a larger share of mothers benefited from paid leave after birth. [The authors] find that, on average, mothers in Quebec […] spent an additional 10 days with their child and also increased breastfeeding by about 10 days. Post-reform, mothers and fathers claimed higher benefits. The overall gains in disposable income while on leave are positive but modest when the overall loss of income from work is accounted for. The effects on children’s health, behaviour, and cognitive development are generally positive but small and not always significant. These average effects possibly mask important differences between mothers. Results by maternal education reveal that most of the effects [the authors] uncover are driven by highly educated mothers and their children. Mothers with a post-secondary education spent an additional 19 days away from work, and their children have marginally better parent-reported health and behavioural outcomes. For fathers, [the authors] find that dedicating parental leave to fathers increased the participation of fathers in the program, but whether this translated into a greater involvement of fathers in the child’s life over the long run remains to be shown. […] For paternity leave policy to achieve its goal, perception in the workplace also matters.» (p. 232)