Longitudinal Association Between Risk Profiles, School Dropout Risk, and Substance Abuse in Adolescence

Longitudinal Association Between Risk Profiles, School Dropout Risk, and Substance Abuse in Adolescence

Longitudinal Association Between Risk Profiles, School Dropout Risk, and Substance Abuse in Adolescence

Longitudinal Association Between Risk Profiles, School Dropout Risk, and Substance Abuse in Adolescences

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Référence bibliographique [20862]

Goulet, Mélissa, Clément, Marie-Eve, Helie, Sonia et Villatte, Aude. 2020. «Longitudinal Association Between Risk Profiles, School Dropout Risk, and Substance Abuse in Adolescence ». Child and Youth Care Forum.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The purpose of this study [is] to investigate the distribution of some ecosystemic risk factors in a normative sample by creating risk profiles, and by verifying the association between these profiles and future school dropout risk and substance abuse.» (p. 12)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Participants in this study were part of a broad longitudinal survey, the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development [QLSCD]. A cohort of 2120 newborns born in 1997 and 1998 in Quebec, Canada, were randomly selected, building a representative stratified sample of children born in Quebec in 1997–1998.» (p. 5)

Instruments :
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


The authors identified five typical risk profiles such as a normative profile, an individual risk profile, a family risk profile, a global risk profile and a social risk profile. Concerning the family risk profile, the authors mention in particular that «a concentration of risk factors in the family environment, more specifically by very high risk scores on the maternal distress index, the family risk profile was associated with neither of the selected outcomes at age 15 years. That profile could group more resilient youth facing risk that is more specific to their parents without their own development being influenced with regard to both selected outcomes. While that hypothesis is plausible, it is important to keep in mind that both selected outcomes were significantly correlated: youth in the family risk profile were not more at risk than the average with regard to these two specific developmental outcomes.» (p. 13) «Another noteworthy result was the presence of above-average maternal coercive practices in all risk profiles, except the normative sample. This suggests that maternal coercive practices were present (at different levels) as soon as risk was observed above the average in that sample.» (p. 13)