Changes in Friendship Quality Between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Considering the Role of Romantic Involvement

Changes in Friendship Quality Between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Considering the Role of Romantic Involvement

Changes in Friendship Quality Between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Considering the Role of Romantic Involvement

Changes in Friendship Quality Between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Considering the Role of Romantic Involvements

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Référence bibliographique [20859]

Camirand, Elisabeth et Poulin, François. 2019. «Changes in Friendship Quality Between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: Considering the Role of Romantic Involvement ». International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 43, no 3, p. 231-237.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«[R]ecent studies have revealed that romantic involvement does not develop homogeneously between adolescence and early adulthood and that young people follow distinct romantic patterns, characterized by diverse social antecedents and outcomes [...]. It is reasonable to assume that these patterns may be linked to changes in their best friendship during this period. Thus, this longitudinal study aims to evaluate whether observed changes in best friendship quality between adolescence and emerging adulthood vary according to the type of romantic patterns followed during this period.» (p. 231)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«The data used in this research came from a longitudinal study involving 390 adolescents […] recruited in eight schools in Quebec (Canada).» (p. 232)

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


Results show that «the dimensions of best friendship quality (intimacy, conflict and emotional support) evolved differently between adolescence and emerging adulthood according to the romantic involvement groups identified during this period. […] At age 16, no differences emerged between the various romantic involvement groups regarding the levels of intimacy and conflict with the participants’ best friend. However, a significant effect of the romantic groups on perceived emotional support was observed at age 19, as youths in the Frequent group reported perceiving significantly more support from their best friend than youths in the Sporadic and Late groups.» (p. 235) Also, this «study shows that changes observed in best friendship quality during the transition to adulthood are linked to the romantic involvement of youths during this period. These results support the suggestion that close friends and romantic partners play similar social functions, and that the study of friendships during the transition to adulthood must consider the growing presence of romantic relationships […]. Moreover, these results confirm the relevance of considering the development of romantic involvement as a heterogeneous phenomenon.» (p. 236)