Economic Well-Being of Canadian Children

Economic Well-Being of Canadian Children

Economic Well-Being of Canadian Children

Economic Well-Being of Canadian Childrens

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Référence bibliographique [19785]

Burton, Peter et Phipps, Shelley. 2017. «Economic Well-Being of Canadian Children ». Analyse de politiques / Canadian Public Policy, vol. 43, no 4, p. 299-330.

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Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«We are using this article as an opportunity to indulge our own interests in how the economic well-being of Canadian children has changed over time and how it compares with the economic well-being of children living in other affluent nations. We are also curious about provincial differences in the resources available for children because many relevant policies are set at the provincial level […]. Our goal is simply to provide a descriptive comparison of economic outcomes for children at the bottom, middle, and top of the population income distribution.» (p. 299)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
Les auteurs utilisent des données documentaires diverses, dont plusieurs enquêtes de Statistique Canada.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

«First, we observe stagnating incomes for children from the late 1980s until the mid-2000s while inequality among children increased. From 2005 until 2014 […], real income growth resumed, but inequality remained stuck at the new, higher level. […] The after-tax and transfer rate of poverty for Canadian children living with two parents has remained the same for decades; there has been a 10 percentage point reduction in the rate of poverty for children in lone-mother families, to 40 percent (four times the two-parent rate and more than twice the lone-father rate).» (p. 325) «For children living with two parents, all Canadian provinces (together with Australia and the United States) have higher rates of poverty than any of the European countries; children in Manitoba and British Columbia stand out as having the highest poverty rates for children living with two parents. For children living with lone parents, there is more variation both across provinces and across countries. […] Nova Scotia, Quebec, Ontario, and Alberta have lone-parent poverty rates lower than that in Germany and similar in magnitude to those in Ireland and the Netherlands.» (p. 324) En plus de ces quelques résultats, cet article propose plusieurs graphiques et tableaux permettant de comparer la situation économique des enfants du Québec à ceux des autres provinces, et ce selon plusieurs angles et variables (taux de pauvreté, montant des prestations reçues, etc.).